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Narcissus - Daffodil

Narzissen Titelbild

If you want to do something for your spring garden, you should now buy and plant narcissus flower bulbs. Because in the spring, we promise that you will love these cheerful blooming daffodils! The variety of shapes and sizes of the blooms is almost endless with the narcissus flowers. Best known are large-crowned and trumpet daffodils, but also double-flowered varieties and those with small flowers are becoming increasingly popular. Narcissus flowers can thrive in every sunny and semi-sunny spot. They are also undemanding in terms of care. The opportunities are endless for planting the perfect daffodils for your garden when choosing them from our online shop. They all grow easily and there is certainly not a single daffodil that would not be beautiful in its own way! You cannot go wrong with this wondrous spring flower. Daffodils always look much better in larger groups. Sometimes you underestimate how many bulbs it takes to produce a display in a spring bed or corner of the lawn. So in case of doubt, you should buy the daffodils you want and order one or two packs more!

The Diversity of Daffodils

Daffodils belong to a genus of about 150 species. They are all perennial bulbous plants that bloom anew each year. They bloom according to species and variety from February to May. In terms of flower shapes, the spectrum ranges from trumpet-like to large-crowned to double, cyclamen-flowered daffodils with a long, small trumpet and wild daffodils. In principle, all types and varieties can thrive in any garden at almost any location. They also thrive in containers and pots. The big trumpets and the large crowns should be a bit sheltered from the wind when planted on a balcony. Smaller double and early varieties, however, prefer an exposed location.

The genus of Narcissus belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae. They have been bred since the 18th century, and today it is estimated that there are over 24,000 different varieties and hybrids of daffodil!

Among the most commonly planted varieties are those narcissus flowers with trumpet-shaped blooms, such as 'Arctic Gold'. The crown on this variety forms a trumpet. The variety 'Coral Crown' triumphs with large, orange shining crowns that are conspicuously curly, but rather flat on the edge. The small-flowered daffodil 'Brook Ager' has a small, but a bright orange trumpet. Extra-large crowns and a striking trumpet are displayed with the daffodil 'Roulette'. Among the early-flowering cyclamen-flowered daffodils, which often bloom in February, are 'February Gold' and 'February Silver’; they have quite narrow but pronounced trumpets. They are often used for flower pots and balcony boxes, as they are small and windproof. The daffodil 'Arctic Bells' (Narcissus bulbocodium) with its large secondary crowns, which look like funnels or big trumpets, are particularly cheerful. The very double 'Rip van Winkle', which jut out of flower beds like ruffled stars, also make everyone who sees them smile. These double narcissus flowers are a classic for perennial flower beds. Those who want intensely fragrant narcissi should plant pheasant's eye daffodils (Narcissus poeticus), which flourish in May, into their garden.

   
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Cyclamineus Daffodil 'February Silver'

Narcissus 'February Silver'

£4.40 *

Daffodil 'Hawera'

Narcissus 'Hawera'

£2.00 *

Daffodil 'Thalia'

Narcissus 'Thalia'

£3.80 *

Daffodil Mixture 'Ice-Folies-Family'

Narcissus Mix 'Ice Follies Family'

£11.40 *

Double Daffodil 'Flower Parade'

Narcissus 'Flower Parade'

£3.50 *

Double Daffodil 'Rip van Winkle'

Narcissus 'Rip van Winkle'

£2.20 *

Double Daffodil 'Tahiti'

Narcissus 'Tahiti'

£4.00 *

Hoop Petticoat Daffodil 'Arctic Bells'

Narcissus bulbocodium 'Arctic Bells'

£3.00 *

   
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Narzissen kaufen Titelbild

Where are Wild Daffodils Native?

Most wild species grow in Spain and Portugal. Some species occur in coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean and in the Carpathians. The most common wild daffodil is the daffodil Narcissus pseudonarcissu, also known as the Lent lily. This is wild everywhere in Western Europe. It likes to grow in sparse forests, in meadows and on stony mountain slopes. Particularly in Switzerland there are many wild specimens in the Bernese Jura and in the Jura mountains, for example on Mont Soleil. Above Montreux, you can find whole meadows full of pheasant's eye daffodils, which are also known as wild mountain daffodils.

Buying Narcissus Flowers and Using Them in the Garden

Buying and planting narcissus flowers is one of the most rewarding autumn gardening jobs. This is because these flower bulbs bloom easily in any garden, between shrubs, perennials and in the lawn. They are also suitable for containers, and they actually fit everywhere. A handful of narcissus flowers conjure up a spring mood in every corner of the garden. They need a reasonably sunny location, but can also cope with partial shade. They also grow well in cooler climates and cold garden corners, and they are all frost hardy. They are best combined with other spring flowers and with perennials. Crocuses, snowdrops and grape hyacinths are suitable for small, early flowering daffodils. The later and larger daffodils, such as the trumpet daffodils and large-crowned varieties, are suitable with tulips. With double daffodil bulbs simple companions look good, for example, lady's mantle. Even early flowering perennials such as the lungwort (Pulmonaria) and the Christmas roses (Helleborus) are attractive when planted with daffodils. Typically, they are also often planted with biennials such as pansies and forget-me-nots or with different primroses. Especially in pots, you can easily design attractive arrangements.

Planting Narcissus Flowers Properly

The best time to buy and plant narcissus flowers is in September. But even throughout October you can still buy and plant double, simple and wild varieties. If you are a bit late, you can even plant your narcissus flower bulbs into the ground in November. But for the larger varieties, it is better if they are planted earlier, as long as the soil is still a little warm. You can also see better where the perennials are growing and how much space is needed for the bulbs. In autumn, they are already able to diligently form roots, and can then start in the spring with more strength. Anyone who buys a pack of narcissus flower bulbs and then forgets them does not have to despair. It is also worthwhile in November and as long as the soil is frost-free even in December to plant them. They will then perhaps grow a little less vigorously and even bloom a little later, but at the latest the following year, the daffodils will catch up and continue to grow normally.

The planting depth for large narcissus flower bulbs is 10 to 15 centimetres. With small wild forms, the depth only needs be only 5 to 6 centimetres. The basic rule for the planting depth is this, as with all bulbous flowers: plant twice as deep as the bulbs are high. Narcissus bulbs are particularly good when you have to see which way to plant them, as you must make sure the shoot tip always points upwards when planting. They do not need a bed of sand because daffodils really like some moisture. The distance between the individual bulbs should be between 10 and 30 centimetres. Daffodils look especially natural when displayed in larger, irregularly arranged groups. For this purpose, one can simply throw the daffodil bulbs loose onto the ground, and plant them just where they fall. Even between perennials, it makes sense to shape the groups of narcissus bulbs easily and irregularly.

Caring for Daffodils

The daffodil is one of the easiest to care for garden plants. Once planted, you can confidently leave them to their own devices. Only in pots and boxes do they need water regularly. The daffodil must always get a little more water than tulips and most other flower bulbs, and the soil should not dry out completely in the garden for a long time.

After flowering, you should immediately cut off the flower stalks of the narcissus so that the plants do not waste any power for seed formation. Only with wild forms, you can leave the flower stalks so that they can reseed themselves. This makes no sense with the hybrid forms because they do not reproduce true to seed.

The foliage, on the other hand, can be left standing so that it can die back by itself. Ideally, it is then hidden in the flowerbed by the perennials. Anyone who has planted daffodils in the lawn or meadow must not mow there until the foliage has completely withered and contracted. During this time, the bulbs have to store all the nutrients from the leaves back into the bulbs, so that they have strength for the next year. As soon as the daffodils sprout in the spring, they like to have some compost for nutrients. After flowering, you can also give them a little bit of compound fertiliser, so that more strength can be stored into the bulbs.

Dividing and Propagating Daffodils

Wild and other daffodils are especially worth buying in order to let them grow wild in the lawn or in a meadow. This is partly due to the existence of pure wild varieties, but mostly to the bulbs, which grow into ever-larger clumps. After a few years, when the bulbs have largely increased, the clumps can be dug out with the spade after flowering. Then carefully break up the individual bulbs and plant them one at a time, so that they have more space and can continue to multiply.

Are Daffodils Poisonous?

Yes, all parts of all daffodils are poisonous. They contain alkaloids. Also, the sap that comes out of the stems when cut off is poisonous and can cause skin irritation. Narcissus bulbs should always be planted with gardening gloves, and gloves should also be worn when cutting daffodils. Even in the vase, the exuding juice of the daffodils is poisonous and makes other flowers wither faster. That is why daffodils are never put into the vase together with tulips or other cut flowers. On the other hand, you can add a few willow branches or some blueberry branches. The daffodil poison does nothing to the wooden branches.

Diseases and Pests

Voles and snails leave daffodils alone because they are poisonous. Only a hoverfly, the so-called narcissus fly, sometimes lays its eggs in the daffodils and then grows in the bulb. This pest is quite rare. Otherwise, the daffodils actually have no enemies. However, they may suffer from certain fungal diseases, such as onion blight. When this occurs, the affected bulbs should be destroyed. But even this problem is rare. Normally, daffodils thrive without much difficulty.

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