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Lubera stops plant deliveries to the UK
Due to Brexit, we are not able to deliver to the UK. We are working on a solution on how we can continue to bring a wide range of Lubera plants to the UK and directly to our customers' homes in the future. However, such a solution will not be available before 2022 or 2023.

Paradis® apples

Apple tree from Lubera

If you would like to buy an apple tree, Lubera, the nursery for fruit trees and berry plants, is the right place for you. With our range of apple trees, we aim to offer the greatest possible varieties and the widest possible choice.

   
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Apple Bionda® Bella

The green blonde apple

From £21.40 *

Apple Bionda® Marilyn®

The sweet blonde

From £21.40 *

Apple Bionda® Patrizia

An elegant blonde

From £21.40 *

Apple Lubera Paradis® Crispino®

The snack apple with 'bite'

From £27.90 *

Apple Paradis® 'Ladylike'®

A scab resistant garden apple with a stunning, pinkish light red colour

From £21.40 *

Apple Paradis® Elegance®

An autumn apple with an excellent texture and good storability

From £17.40 *

Apple Paradis® Fantasia®

Kids do not like gigantic apples

From £18.90 *

Apple Paradis® Granny Swiss

So real - like it's artificial

From £27.90 *

Apple Paradis® Julka®

The earliest summer dessert apple

From £21.40 *

Apple Paradis® Katka®

Early summer apple with substance...

From £27.90 *

Apple Paradis® Lummerland®

Our new Paradis apples!!!

From £18.90 *

Apple Paradis® Morgana®

Our new Paradis apples!!!

From £18.90 *

   
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More information about Paradis® apple trees

 

At Lubera®, you will find only those apple tree varieties that are especially suitable for home gardening and have been bred for it. The most versatile Lubera apple tree is the range of Paradis® apple trees. Paradis ‘Julka’, for example, ripens already at the end of July; Paradis ‘Werdenberg’ and Paradis ‘Ninifee’ ripen in August. Both varieties can also be left on the tree until September without any problems.

 

 

Buy a Paradis® apple tree - apple fun for the whole family

 

Imagine you go to work or your children go to school and simply take a tree-fresh apple from your own apple tree with you for your lunch. The Paradis® apple tree carries long and reliably, so this is the perfect apple tree to buy. The latest apples ripen in October. Paradis ‘New Year’, also with a very long shelf life in natural storage, ripens around 10 October. Of course, we also have coloured apple varieties, like ‘Utopia’ apples, which are green; we have yellow apples (Paradis ‘Bionda Bella’, ‘Marilyn’ and ‘Patrizia’) and also red apples (‘Julka’). Everything your apple heart and eye desires, you can buy at Lubera®.

 

Lubera® apple trees for the garden

 

Over the last 25 years, we at Lubera have created our own, completely new and very versatile apple world with our cultivars and have geared it to the needs of the home gardener and the apple connoisseur. We do not take into account the demands of the global apple market; we are looking for off-centre flavours that satisfy everyone. Even a shelf life of 14 months is not our goal! We breed and produce new apple trees and apple varieties that make the garden life of the hobby grower easier, more beautiful and better here and now.

The Lubera® Paradis® apples, as we call our apple tree varieties, have been developed in a quarter of a century of breeding work, by testing and selecting hundreds of thousands of seedlings for the most important characteristics for gardening. That sounds like a lot of work, and it was and is. But that was and is also our passion, our pleasure, for your success in the garden!

 

Our apple trees

  • have simple, not too strong growth.
  • usually bear fruit in the 2nd year of growth and do not tend to alternate (only bear fruits every second year).
  • are as resistant as possible to diseases, in almost all cases they have at least one resistance to apple scab (Venturia inaequalis).
  • have an excellent and extended shelf life in the household, so they do not immediately become mealy. We have also bred some apple varieties that can be harvested fresh from the tree over a very long period of time (Paradis ’Werdenberg’, Paradis ‘Ninifee’)
  • simply taste like paradise, whereby we strive to achieve the greatest possible diversity of flavours and taste experiences. Which brings us back to paradise, where everything was still possible and where the history of the apple began. And that is exactly where we want to go again!

 

But what about the different tastes?

 

Sweet apples or sour apples, that is the question!

Before you buy an apple tree, it is definitely worth checking out your own taste preferences. Do I prefer sour and sweet apples or do I like to move in the balanced sweet-sour range when eating apples? And what are the preferences of the other family members? From our decades of sales experience, we know that apple lovers differ greatly in this respect. Those who regularly buy only Gala, Fuji or Golden Delicious in the supermarket will also prefer a sweet Paradis® apple in the garden, but in contrast to the market varieties, it will be more resistant and have more taste. Here, apple varieties such as Paradis ‘Julka’, Paradis ‘Ninifee’, Paradis ‘Lummerland’, Paradis ‘Bionda Marilyn’ or the sweet Christmas apple Paradis ‘Myra’ are the right ones. Those who tend to more acidity in taste, i.e. those who buy Granny Smith, Greenstar, Boskoop or Braeburn, will be happy in the garden even with sour apples like Paradis ‘Werdenberg’ (picked early in August, longer on the tree it will be banana-sweet), Paradis ‘Utopia’, Paradis ‘Bionda Patrizia’ or Paradis ‘New Year’. Don't worry, these wonderful garden varieties not only have acidity but usually even more sugar than the commercial fruit varieties. Thanks to the dominant acidity, they look fresher and juicier. Very balanced in the sugar-acid ratio are e.g. Paradis ‘Bionda Bella’ or Paradis ‘Elegance’. Paradis ‘Sparkling’ surprises with a tangy, almost exploding texture in the mouth and broad, ripe apple aromas. The autumn apple Paradis ‘Fantasia’ caresses the taste buds with intense and soft pear aromas including nutmeg notes.

 

What other types of apples are there at Lubera?Apple tree from Lubera

 

Lubera® Paradis apple varieties are normal-growing, branched, white-fleshed and yellow-fleshed dessert apple varieties with additional resistance properties and the highest quality standards. Of course, we at Lubera have also developed completely different apple varieties for gardening, for which you can buy the apple tree. The columnar apples, which we call ‘Malini’, are very slender apple trees that grow almost without side shoots due to their genetic characteristics. The mini apple trees, the Lubera ‘Maloni’, have a bushy but greatly reduced growth. They grow only about half as large as the normal-growing Paradis apple trees and are particularly suitable for mixed borders or for growing in containers. And then, of course, we grow the ‘Redloves’, the red-fleshed dessert apples, with the beautiful red foliage and the pink to red flowers. All Lubera apple trees are, thanks to their rich blossom and the bright fruits, also beautiful ornamental trees. Of course, the decorative value of the red-fleshed apple varieties, the 'Redloves', is particularly pronounced.

 

Buy and plant

 

The answer to the question "when to plant apple trees" is simple: apple trees can be planted all year round, as we offer them in containers throughout the year. This largely eliminates the old question of whether it is better to plant in autumn or spring. You simply plant them in the ground when you have time, space and desire to do so! We would like to draw your attention to an important tip: If you plant between 1 October and the end of February, we advise you to shake out the root ball completely. If the young tree still bears leaves at the beginning of October, remove the leaves before planting. Why this advice, which at first sight does not seem very obvious? Because this is the only way to ensure that the roots have direct contact with the topsoil and can immediately send out new roots to their new home. If you plant the root ball without shaking it out or roughening it very much, it often happens that the roots do not come out at all and that the still intact root ball from the pot warms up too quickly on warm winter days and feels the spring much too early. Further information on planting can be found in our apple growing guide.

 

How quickly do Lubera® apple trees bear fruit?

 

This is perhaps one of the biggest advantages of our Paradis® apple varieties: they bear fruit in their second year (excluding flower frosts and other calamities). Even more precisely: if you plant in early spring, they will bear fruit as early as the next year; if you plant in summer or autumn, you can certainly expect a yield the year after next. In many cases, if you plant in early spring or in autumn, you can harvest some fruits already in the very first year. Of course, this immediate yield, ideally already some fruits in the first year, is more possible with the larger trees (2-year-old trees or semi-standards in 10 L pots) than with the Easytree, the 1-year-old young tree in a 5 L pot.

 

Which tree shapes and sizes are offered?

 

We offer all varieties as 2-year-old low-stem trees and as 2-year-old semi-standards in 10 L pots. You can also buy Paradis as an apple tree, which is a semi-standard. The only difference between the two tree forms is that the semi-standard has a slightly higher trunk (70-90 cm), but the low trunk has a branch-free zone of 40-60 cm. This makes it much easier to mow the lawn under the tree or to cultivate other sub-crops. For many apple varieties, we also offer a smaller, one-year-old tree in a 5 L pot, which we also call ‘Easytree’. This young tree is pre-cultivated in such a way that it automatically develops into a beautifully slender apple tree spindle because a few small branches and flower buds are already prepared, from which horizontal side shoots then develop. If the one-year-old tree is longer than 120 cm in a 5 L pot, it is advisable in the spring after planting to cut back the middle by 5 cm in order to promote branching.

 

Onto which rootstocks are the apple trees grafted?

 

All these forms of apple trees are usually grafted on the M9 rootstock, which guarantees early fertility, best fruit quality and compact growth. Such trees grow to a height of only 2 to 2.5 m. For some very low-growing varieties and for some semi-standard varieties, we also use the M26 rootstock. For those who still own a large meadow and want to buy a really large apple tree with a crown volume of 8x8 m after 25 years, we recommend the apple standards, which we only offer as young plants from October to April (for most varieties) and which we deliver bare-root, i.e. without a pot.

 

Training and pruning

 

As a general rule, we recommend pruning as little as possible and, if necessary, tying down too steep side branches into the horizontal level in order to achieve a rapid increase in yield. In addition, it is certainly good to know the three most important pruning and training "laws" that apply to all apple trees:

  1. The law of pruning and growth: the more you prune, the more the apple tree grows. And, of course, the other way round: The less you prune (and challenge the tree to growth reactions), the less it grows.
  2. The law of steepness: the steeper a branch is, the less it bears fruit (and the more it grows); the flatter a branch is, the more it forms flower buds (and then grows less strongly).
  3. The fertility growth law: the more an apple tree grows, the less fruit it bears; the more an apple tree bears fruit, the less it grows.

 

A word about the old apple varieties

 

We are often asked why we do not offer old varieties. The provocative answer to this question is: because there are better varieties available today. The whole thing is, of course, more complex:aApple varieties are also a reflection of their time, the socio-economic circumstances of their cultivation and use. If you briefly imagine the dental apparatus of a 40-year-old man in the 16th to 19th centuries, you will suddenly realise that he certainly did not eat crisp apples. If you also consider that there were good cellars, but no modern storage facilities with a controlled atmosphere, then it is clear that until well into the 20th century most apples were processed, mostly into fermented cider. Because nothing lasts longer than alcohol. And of the small remainder of the apples that were eaten and not drunk, most were eaten cooked. And the rest of the rest, which was eaten fresh or from the nature camp without processing, was simply...soft - had to be soft! And even when it comes to the external appearance of an apple, we cannot escape our modern skin: an apple has to be beautiful! Old russets or leather apples, with a rough, almost sandpaper-like skin that can be described at best as bronze-coloured, are hardly imaginable today...

 

Is that why old varieties are worthless? No! But in most cases, they have no or almost no garden value because they simply have too many negative, outdated characteristics. But for us breeders, they are something like a valuable library of old, mostly handwritten books. Admittedly, one does not read them every day anymore. But we always reach for these books when we want to write a reasonably clever new book when we create a new variety that combines an old interesting trait with other positive traits.

 

What kind of apple tree does the gardener need?

 

Our answer to the question of old varieties becomes even more understandable if we take an interesting historical perspective and imagine the needs of the home gardener: they want to harvest the beautiful and tasty fruits of their gardening as quickly and successfully as possible. That's a fact. Your garden is getting smaller and smaller, and you are not running a historical museum, but a pleasure garden! You want to enjoy the fruits of your gardening - as quickly and as easily as possible.

 

And what about the well-known apple varieties from the supermarket?

 

Elstar, Jonagold, Braeburn, Cox Orange, Gala, Boskoop, Golden Delicious, Gravensteiner, then also newer introductions like Pink Lady, Fuji, Kanzi, Diwa, Unami, Honeycrunch and whatever they are called, are mostly good to very good apples. Otherwise, they would not have such a big success. And of course, their strength is on a par with the well preserved modern dental apparatus. But in most cases, they are not sufficiently robust for home gardening. Some varieties, such as Golden Delicious or Gala, are far too susceptible to scabbing. Why is Gala so often offered as an organic apple? 'Because the Gala trees are sprayed incessantly and with enormous effort, albeit with organic means', would be the honest answer (which they only hear very rarely, however, and which many don't even want to hear).

Incidentally, this susceptibility to disease also has something to do with the success of the classic market varieties. Mass cultivation in monocultures leads to a selection of pathogens (admittedly negative from our point of view), which increasingly specialise in this variety. This is also called the keyhole principle. The pathogen selects itself until it fits the plantation variety exactly until it can attack it perfectly until the key fits. Of course, these pests are also present in the home garden and make the cultivation of most plantation varieties quite difficult and unpleasant. This alone speaks clearly against the cultivation of the well-known supermarket varieties in the garden.

 

Special and exclusive apple varieties for the garden

 

The most important argument against the home garden cultivation of apple varieties from the supermarket is yet another: there is no reason to grow something in your own small home garden that can be bought everywhere for very little money! I would like to have something different in my garden, something more special that does not exist elsewhere. And if our Paradis® apple trees are also tested and selected for easy cultivation and resistance, all the better. Nevertheless, we sometimes refer to well-known market varieties in the descriptions of our new Paradis® apple varieties for the garden. This makes it easier in many cases to imagine the flavours and characteristics of Lubera® Paradis® apple varieties. But I can promise you something: our apple varieties for the garden are still a bit better. Why? Because we do not have to compromise on quality (e.g. in favour of mass production) when breeding and selecting.

 

The history of Paradis® apple breeding

 

It all began around 1990 in a restaurant in Dresden-Pillnitz. I sat there together with the apple breeders Christa and Manfred Fischer, who had generously shown me their own cultivars and shared their thoughts with me all day long. Suddenly my thought had to come out, which I had carried in me for a long time and I said: 'I could actually do the breeding myself? The experienced breeders did not weigh against all expectations, but encouraged me in my intention and started to discuss possible crossbreeds with me. Less than six months later, the next spring, I sowed the first seeds, they were freely flowering seeds of the variety Regia - and from them, my first self-bred apple variety should be born: Paradis® Werdenberg.

 

Breeding and science for better and more resistant apples

 

Meanwhile, almost 25 years have passed and every year we make 15-30 different apple crosses, producing between 10,000 and 25,000 seeds. Thanks to a cooperation with ACW Wädenswil and with the local breeder, Dr. Markus Kellerhals, we can test many of our seedlings for scab at an early stage. We also have good cooperation, which is constantly being expanded, with the East Malling research station in southern England, where we have already purchased breeding partners for various apple breeding projects.

 

How are new apple varieties bred for the garden?

 

After one or two years, the seedlings are grafted on M9 (one tree per variety) and after one year in the nursery, they are replanted in the breeding field. After three years, there are usually the first fruits, the best selection years are usually years 4 and 5, which means that we find ourselves 6-7 years after the original crossbreeding.

The first fruit selection is entirely the task of the grower. As the breeder, I am the filter, so to speak, who decides which of the tens of thousands of apple seedlings will be looked at more closely. In this first round I give out the marks and there are actually only two of them: the 0 and the 1. The 0 is given to 98% of all candidates, for everything that doesn't taste good, that is sick and where I see no chance of finding a new taste, a new combination of characteristics. And the one goes to the various candidates, which have to be looked at more closely. From one such candidate, 10-25 trees are propagated and planted in Buchs, in Bad Zwischenahn and at Lake Constance in the second breeding stage. Three years later, together with my friends Thomas Hungerbühler and Beat Lehner, I can begin to take a closer look at these elite apple variety candidates - until finally, ONE new variety emerges from a few dozen of these variety candidates. Or not.

 

The secret of apple breeding at Lubera®

 

In the end, there are two things that help the breeder to make the right choice: patience and time on the one hand, and people on the other. With time, it becomes crystal clear what a variety could become. You have to imagine it as if the candidate variety could talk, it appeals to the breeder almost unmistakably: 'Hey, I am a variety, please take a closer look, don't you see it too?! - And then, of course, it is the fellow human beings, the friends, who help to form and secure their own judgement: my wife Magda, the fruit-growing friends Beat Lehner and Thomas Hungerbühler, our employees at Lubera and many more. And always there are our customers, the hobby growers and gardeners: what will you enjoy, what do you need? The final decision remains with the breeder: he has listened to his friends, listened to the plants themselves, weighed up various concerns and then he decides...then I decide. And of course, I decide on the name, and later on, I write the texts, the words that will accompany the variety on its path through life.

 

Why do we call our garden apple varieties Lubera® Paradis® apples?

 

The question of the family name Lubera® Paradis®, which we give to our apple varieties, is still not completely clear. Paradise has an at least ambiguous reputation: the place of absolute and undisturbed well-being is also the place where all earthly toil begins. I readily admit that when I think of Lubera Paradis® I tend to think of the former, of paradise before the apple, so to speak. When I think of the long years of breeding, the more than 10 years it takes to create a variety, then the comparison with paradise after the condemned grasp for the apple, after the fall of mankind, is allowed: without almost lifelong efforts there are no new varieties.

 

Your garden is an (apple) paradise

 

We know paradise from the Christian tradition and of course also from the tradition of other religions. That means, actually we don't really know it. But the word "paradise" is much older and has Persian roots long before Christianity: and there it means nothing else than a walled garden with fruit trees! So, the orchard itself has always been paradise and still is. This is exactly why we at Lubera have spent a quarter of a century breeding new resistant and fertile apple varieties. That is why we call our varieties Lubera Paradis® apples.

 

Paradise again: the apple rootstock Paradis Jaune de Metz

 

Paradise as both a blessing and a curse has then accompanied the apple through its long cultural history, mostly in a positive way, charging it as an almost magical fruit. So it is not surprising that apples have been named after paradise in the long history of apples. A well-known example is the Paradis Jaune de Metz, the yellow paradise apple of Metz, which is nothing other than our current rootstock M9, on which almost all our apple trees are grafted. So again, here is a third reason to call our apple trees Paradis®.

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