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Yuzu

Citrus junos

Yuzu
 
 
 
 

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Article number: 2193653

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Product information "Yuzu"

Frost Hardy Citrus Variety Citrus Yuzu, Switrus® Yuzu

The hardy citrus Yuzu is the most interesting compromise in our current citrus assortment between excellent fruit quality and winter hardiness. Yuzu – once established at its site – easily tolerates -9°C and can endure even colder temperatures for a short time. In our climate, citrus Yuzu can also be planted in a wine-growing climate or in a microclimatic location. This winter hardiness, which is surprising for a citrus species, is certainly related to the presumed parents of these citrus hybrids. It is believed that citrus Yuzu originated from a cross between Ichang papeda (Citrus Ichangensis) and the mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata, Satsuma mandarin). Citrus Ichangensis is known for its excellent winter and frost hardiness and the Satsumas can endure some minus degrees. Some botanists also rank the citrus Yuzu as its own citrus species, therefore the competing name Citrus x junos. Citrus Yuzu, which we also call Switrus® Yuzu because we produce this hardy citrus in our nursery in Switzerland, has been cultivated in Japan for more than 1000 years and in China (named Ch'eng tzu) probably longer. The cultivation centre in China is the Yangtze Basin. In addition to the well-known Meyer lemon, Yuzu is one of the citrus varieties and species that was described for the first time by the famous botanical explorer Frank Meyer – at least for the West.
 
Short description of the Frost Hardy Citrus Variety Citrus Yuzu
 
Fruits: After Frank Meyer saw citrus Yuzu or Citrus x junos for the first time in 1914 in northwest China, along with walnuts, kakis, pomegranates and the Trachycarpus palm tree, he wrote in his 1918 detailed travelogue: "The fruit peel was loose, slightly peelable, the fruits flat round, the size of mandarins. The skin was pale yellow, full of essential oils that smelled fine of lemon. The individual fruit pieces can be divided easily; the fruit is quite juicy, with an acidic but pleasant taste." In our nursery, the fruit is more green than yellow, about 5-7 cm in diameter on average, 4.5-5 cm high, and as described by Meyer rather flat-round than round.
 
Maturity/harvest: Autumn and spring in our climate.
 
Flavour: Sour, like lemon, but more interesting, with a very slight bitter note. More complex than lemon.
 
Use: Yuzu is popular in Japanese cuisine; in addition to the juice, especially the peel with its intense fragrance and essential oils can be used. Yuzu is also gaining importance in the avant-garde cuisine of the West.
 
Plant spacing: About 2-3 metres.
 
Location/growth: Yuzu is medium-strong growing; the fine-pointed, elliptical leaves are conspicuous. Yuzu is hardy down to about -9°C; it sometimes loses its leaves during long-lasting, cold temperatures, but then it recovers quickly. Yuzu was and is used in Japan as a robust, hardy rootstock (root base) for other citrus varieties.
 
Pollination: Self-fertile.
 
Training/pot cultivation: Can be cultivated well in containers; start with a 15-20 L container.
 
  • Available April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November
  • Use greenhouses/winter gardens, for containers, South- and West-facing walls, as a specimen plant
  • Hardiness limited hardiness/hardiness only in mild microclimates
  • Soil moist, dry, moderately heavy, light, neutral, slightly acidic
  • Location full sun
  • Flower Colour white
  • Leaf Colour green

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