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Mini fruit trees

Miniobstbäume im Lubera Gartenshop

Mini fruit trees, sometimes called dwarf trees, are becoming increasingly popular because they can be planted in a small space. They are also suitable for long-term cultivation in a pot or container because of their compact growth. Gardens are becoming smaller and smaller, therefore, fruit trees must also take part in this trend and become dwarfs! The mini fruit tree range from the Lubera garden shop can offer you a mobile orchard on your balcony and terrace and is a great way to grow fruit trees and enjoy their fruits, even without having a large garden.

A Large Selection Of Mini Fruit Trees In The Lubera Garden Shop

If you want to create a mini garden on your balcony, terrace or garden, you will find a wide selection in the Lubera garden shop. Our mini apple trees come from the in-house Lubera breeding programme; they have been bred for their robustness and disease resistance in addition to their compact growth characteristics.  Maloni Sally and Maloni Lilly grow only about half as vigorously as a normal apple tree and only around 150 cm high; the newest mini apple from Lubera’s breeding is Maloni Gulliver's and grows about 1 metre high, but nevertheless bears beautiful and tasty fruits. Exclusive to the Lubera garden shop is the Pironi range. These mini pear trees, e.g. Pironi Joy of Kent, were discovered in the trials at the English research institute in East Malling and brought to the market after extensive testing in our test gardens.  Our mini peach, apricot and cherry trees will surprise and delight you, and in addition to the delicious fruit, their wonderful blooms are abundant in the spring. No fruit wish will be left unfulfilled and if you have chosen and bought the appropriate sapling from our Lubera garden shop, your tree will be carefully packed in our specially developed plant-friendly transport boxes and sent to you, post haste!

   
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Fruttoni® Amber®

A yellow-fleshed mini peach

£29.40 *

Fruttoni® Apricompakt®

Mini apricot, self-fertile

From £35.40 *

Fruttoni® Cinderella®

A self-fertile mini cherry

From £29.40 *

Fruttoni® Crimson®

A dark red mini peach

£29.40 *

Fruttoni® Diamond®

A white-fleshed mini peach

£29.40 *

Fruttoni® Golddust

A yellow mini plum for small areas

From £29.40 *

Fruttoni® Rubis®

A yellow-fleshed mini nectarine

From £29.40 *

Lowfruit® Maloni Gullivers®

Dwarf apple, juicy with enough sugar

From £19.40 *

Mini Apple Tree Maloni® Billy®

Not too sweet and not too sour, very balanced in flavour

From £30.40 *

Mini Apple Tree Maloni® Lilly®

A mini apple tree - for lovers of very sweet apples

From £19.40 *

Mini Apple Tree Maloni® Sally®

Sally trees are by nature only 150 cm tall, aromatic fruit

From £19.40 *

   
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Mini Fruit Trees Are Small

The smallness of these miniature trees does not come from the soil, a weak root system, repeated pruning or even from the use of chemical aids, but is a natural property of these fruit trees. They form much shorter internodes than normal fruit trees. We and other breeders have found this special growth in nature among our many thousands of trials and then systematically integrated and improved this into our breeding programme. What does this mean in concrete terms? If the distances between the buds are genetically controlled from only 10-20% of normal growing fruit trees, the overall growth strength is also reduced to this measure. This growth reduction, which originates from the plant and from the mini fruit tree itself, is the basis of the dwarfism of the mini fruit tree range in the Lubera assortment.

Mini Fruit Trees And The Difference To Columnar Fruit Trees

Frequently, people are confused between miniature trees and columnar trees. The distinction is quite clear and also clearly visible: although the columnar tree usually has reduced (but not always) node distances, it also has a pronounced apical dominance: naturally there is so much growth hormone in the top buds of the columnar trees, that almost only the middle grows upwards and only very few side buds can develop laterally. On the other hand, mini trees have a naturally branching, bushy habit. They are ultimately the miniature output of a normal fruit tree.

Beware Of False Mini Fruit Tree Imitators!

Unfortunately, on the market, regular fruit trees are sometimes sold as mini trees or patio fruit trees. In many cases, these alleged fruit tree dwarfs have also been cut back several times during the cultivation phase, so that they have a round, bushy and also compact crown. But this small stature is only artificially produced and only for the short term. Once planted, such a false miniature tree will emerge like a rocket...with our mini trees you can be sure that the stature is created within the variety itself. This natural growth reduction is strongest among Maloni Gullivers and the mini nectarines, which reach only about a third of the normal growth height (even if the normal variety is grafted on low-growth rootstocks). With the other Maloni varieties Sally and Lilly and Billy as well in the case of the Pironi mini pear trees, the reduction in growth is about 60%; in the case of the mini cherries, mini plum and the mini apricot is it approx. 30%.

The Yield Of Miniature Trees

Frequently, we are asked about the yield of the miniature trees as well as the fruit size. As a rule, miniature trees bear normally large fruits (which can, of course, sometimes be smaller than normal because of the smaller crown shape and also because of the poorer leaf/fruit ratio). Of course, unsurprisingly, the absolute yield is much smaller than with a normal fruit tree. Nevertheless, the yield capacity of the mini fruit trees per m³ of crown volume is generally much greater than with normal fruit trees. Therefore, it is also worthwhile to thin the fruits in full-fruit years, in order to keep enough flower buds and fruits again in the next year. Mini fruit trees have to be halted in the yield rather than promoted.

Pruning Mini Fruit Trees

Due to their compact and beautifully branching growth, miniature trees usually develop a regular crown, so that not too much correction is required. The crown is most likely to be slightly thin because of its short leaf spacing, which can lead to increased disease (because the leaves do not dry quickly enough). A simple solution to this problem is to take the centre out of the crown and train a kind of hollow crown. This allows the light and wind to penetrate the mini fruit tree again.

Growing Mini Fruit Trees In A Container - The Most Important Tips

Of course, mini fruit trees are perfect for growing in a pot or container on a balcony or terrace. Who would not like to have a fruit orchard on the terrace? Here you will find the most important tips for successfully growing your mini tree:

1. Pot size: choose a pot of sufficient size; bigger is always better. We recommend starting with a container that is over 15 litres and purchase young trees in a 5 litre or a 10 litre pot, which you can find in the Lubera garden shop.  Later, in the following spring, you can transfer the tree into a container that holds 15-20 litres of soil.

2. Fertilisation: air, love and some water are not enough. Fertilise your mini fruit tree every year with long-term fertiliser, and also with liquid fertiliser, i.e. Frutilizer Instant Bloom. For a long-term fertiliser, we recommend a spring application of 20 grams of Frutilizer Seasonal Fertiliser Plus per 5 L pot volume, which you should distribute to three small soil holes in the pot and then cover again with substrate.

3. The right soil: Especially when growing berries and fruits in a pot, we have developed the Fertile Soil No. 1 at Lubera, which is particularly structurally stable and it can also store and deliver nutrients in the best way.

4. The best location: not protected and hot, but open and exposed! In many cases, mini fruit trees are positioned in the sunniest and most sheltered place, which is not good for them. Like many other plants, a miniature tree next to the sun also needs the wind and aeration to stay healthy.

5. Winter protection: unfortunately, miniature trees planted in pots react much more sensitively to the winter cold than ones planted in the ground. It is not the winter cold which is really dangerous, it is rather the winter sun, which misleads the plant into prematurely terminating its starch reserves – and that is when it gets damaged from the cold. As a result, you will have to overwinter your mini fruit trees in a sheltered and shady place, preferably in a terraced corner with as little sun exposure as possible. It is also usually worthwhile to cover the tightly arranged miniature trees with an insulating fleece.

6. Water also in winter: do not forget to water the pot every 4-6 weeks in the winter; the substrate should always be slightly moist, neither wet nor dry.

7. Take and give: it is very important not to overwhelm the mini fruit trees, especially when they are planted in pots. If in a year it blooms very richly and then also has lot of fruits, it should be fertilised at the latest in the second half of June. Here is the first rule: only one fruit per hand width branch length. If you want too much from your little tree, you will be disappointed in the following year, it will not be able to produce blossoms and fruits if it is exhausted!

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