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Lubera stops plant deliveries to the UK
Due to Brexit, we are not able to deliver to the UK. We are working on a solution on how we can continue to bring a wide range of Lubera plants to the UK and directly to our customers' homes in the future. However, such a solution will not be available before 2022 or 2023.

Mandarins, clementines

Mandarin trees Lubera

Mandarin trees are wonderful citrus plants that can be placed on any terrace or balcony. In this part of the world, they stand a little in the shade of the more popular orange and lemon trees.

   
 
Calamondin

Citrus madurensis

From £37.40 *

Clementine 'Tardivo'

Citrus clementina - The late clementine

From £28.90 *

Clementine Mandared

Citrus clementina x Citrus sinensis tharocco

From £51.90 *

Early Clementine 'Commune'

Citrus clementina - The quick ripening Clementine

From £51.90 *

Early Mandarin Orange 'Avena apirena'

Citrus deliciosa - The mandarin orange with the early harvesting period

From £28.90 *

Mediterranean Mandarin Orange, Late Ciaculli Mandarin Orange 'Tardivo di Ciaculli'

Citrus deliciosa - The mandarin orange with the late harvesting period

From £28.90 *

Satsuma Mandarin

Citrus unshiu

From £33.40 *

   
 

More information about mandarin and clementine trees

 

The delicious fruits, which can be nibbled directly from the tree, certainly deserve more attention. That is why mandarin and the closely related clementine trees occupy a special place in the Lubera® citrus assortment. 

 

 

Mandarin trees in the Lubera® Garden Shop

 

In order to be able to present you the whole range of varieties, you will find classics like the Mediterranean mandarin and the lush flowering calamondin in our assortment. With the satsuma (Citrus unishu), the clementine mandared or the ciaculli mandarin (Citrus deliciosa) we present unique varieties for ambitious citrus lovers and collectors. Whether a beginner or experienced orangery gardener - for every enthusiast who wants to buy a clementine or mandarin tree, there is an exciting offer here in the Lubera® Garden Shop. 

 

Small fruit in many varieties

 

For every collector of citrus plants, the group of mandarins is particularly exciting. After all, the mandarin belongs to the 'progenitors' of the citrus family and has influenced the orange, the bitter orange and the Meyer lemon. Typical for a plant that has been cultivated for a long time is the large number of varieties that have been created or bred over time. This large number of mandarin varieties shows how extensive the cultivation of mangerins is. No wonder, since the name "mandarin" shows its origin and its relation to ancient China. There the delicious fruits were probably originally reserved for the influential court officials of the Chinese emperor, the mandarins.

Today, of course, this is different, mandarins are available for everyone. But the fruits that are harvested from your own trees are most delicious. But if you want to buy a tree, you are spoilt for choice. Different groups of trees can be distinguished. The most important is, without doubt, the Mediterranean mandarin, because it has the largest distribution. Further, the clementines are frequent, which are particularly popular as seedless mandarins. Also attractive are the large fruity satsumas, which are botanically called Citrus unshiu and thus cannot hide their Southeast Asian origin. Finally, the calamondins, a cross between a mandarin and a kumquat, can be counted among the classic mandarin trees. They are particularly robust and can even thrive indoors. The second parent of the calamondin, the kumquats, is not a mandarin. As a Fortunella, they even form their own genus, named after the English botanist Robert Fortune. The clementines also have a plant pioneer to give them their name: an otherwise unknown French Father Clement is said to have introduced this variety of mandarin trees to Algeria.

 

This is how it works with the mandarin harvest: the care of the mandarin trees

 

Despite the large selection, it remains something special when you can harvest your own mandarins. This is mainly because mandarins are not native to this country. They are not hardy and therefore have to be winterised. The location is therefore of special importance.

 

Location

 

In the spring, summer and autumn, mandarin trees need a sunny place on a balcony or terrace. Of course, you can also put them in a place in the garden, maybe even in a bed. It is important for the development of the blossom that they are protected. Protection is created by a back wall or a roof. This way, the plants cool down less during the cooler nights. During the day, a helpful heat accumulation develops when the mandarins stand in front of a sunlit wall. Overall, the growth of southern plants in a sheltered location extends the number of flowers and later in the year, the fruits.

 

Winter location and overwintering

 

Even though some mandarin varieties can withstand a few degrees of frost, the trees should be moved to their winter quarters before the frost sets in; leaving the plants outside would not be a good idea. Depending on the region, the start of the overwintering period may be necessary as early as mid-October or early November. The winter quarters must be cool and bright with about 5° to 10°C. Bright means that there is a light source that provides the plants with light. Due to the low temperatures, the mandarin trees get along with less light in the winter. Daylight falling through a window or plant lighting is sufficient. If the winter quarters are warmer, the lighting intensity must be increased. Plant lights can also be used for this.

Typical winter quarters are cool and unheated staircases, winter gardens, greenhouses or wintering tents. You can also use the wintering service of a nursery. Then one should inquire beforehand whether the nursery has enough experience with overwintering mandarin trees.

The overwintering period ends in late March or early April. Before you put the tree outdoors again, you should take a look at the long-term forecast for temperatures in your region. Only when it remains recognisably frost-free, should the plant be put out.

During the winter, mandarins should be checked for pests again and again. They are not particularly susceptible to diseases and pest infestation. But since scale insects and mealybugs appear regularly, it is worthwhile to prevent a stronger infestation by early detection.

 

Water and fertilise mandarin trees

 

As with other citrus plants, the motto for watering and fertilising mandarins is "less is more". These trees should only be watered when the soil has dried. To do this, you should not only check the upper layer of the soil but wait until about half of the soil has dried. This can be determined with a moisture metre. Alternatively, there is the rule of thumb that watering should be done when the soil in the top layer comes off the edge of the pot. This looks very dry, but you should not forget that the soil in the lower part of the pot dries much slower.

Watering should be done especially during the main growing season. The ideal watering time is in the early morning. Then the temperature of the plants will be the same as the watering temperature and the mandarin trees will not cool down.

As a fertiliser, Lubera Instant Citrus is the perfect nutrition for mandarin plants. Instant Citrus has a nitrogenous nutrient combination and also contains many important trace elements. These strengthen the resistance of the trees. It is often feared that the fruits of the mandarin tree are no longer edible due to fertilisation. Fortunately, this is an incorrect assumption. On the contrary: in order to harvest abundant fruit, a potted mandarin plant explicitly needs fertiliser.

 

The harvest of the mandarin tree

 

Harvesting your own mandarins is very easy. In the middle to late spring, white buds develop first and then many, very pretty, small flowers. As with all other citrus plants, the flowers fertilise themselves, but they can also be pollinated by insects. Thus, each flower also becomes a fruit, so that at the end of the summer, the mandarin trees are full of small, green balls. If there are more fruits than the tree can feed, it discards some of them by itself. Therefore, it is not necessary to remove any fruit from the tree. The fruits grow in the autumn so that they are ripe in the winter. They get their characteristic colour when they are exposed to cool temperatures. It is, therefore, possible to harvest them before the beginning of winter. Alternatively, the fruits can stay on the tree until the next spring. Then they can be picked directly from the tree at the beginning of the next outdoor season.

 

There are many reasons to buy a mandarin tree. Enjoy the quality plants from Lubera.

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