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Lubera stops plant deliveries to the UK
Due to Brexit, we are not able to deliver to the UK. We are working on a solution on how we can continue to bring a wide range of Lubera plants to the UK and directly to our customers' homes in the future. However, such a solution will not be available before 2022 or 2023.

Parthenocissus - Virginia creeper

Parthenocissus from Lubera

Parthenocissus, is one of the best-known climbing plants of all and it is also excellently suited for our climate.

   
 
Boston Ivy, Japanese Creeper, Japanese Ivy 'Green Spring'

Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Green Spring'

£12.40 *

Boston Ivy, Japanese Creeper, Japanese Ivy 'Veitchii'

Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Veitchii'

£12.40 *

Japanese Creeper

Parthenocissus thomsonii, a graceful creeper with very decorative foliage

£14.40 *

Virginia Creeper

Parthenocissus quinquefolia - from North America

£11.40 *

Virginia Creeper 'Engelmannii'

Parthenocissus quinquefolia 'Engelmannii'

£11.40 *

   
 

More information about Parthenocissus

 

Both species, the large-leaved five-lobed vine Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) and the small-leaved variety Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Boston ivy) with its three-lobed leaves, which are more reminiscent of grapevines, are impressive with their vigour, their ability to climb and their ability to hold themselves to the climbing surface with the help of adhesive discs and roots. The most beautiful thing about thses climbing plants are their red colouring in autumn. But also in the spring and summer on the front of a house, with their shiny green, beautifully shaped leaves, these plants are a real feast for the eyes. Parthenocissus varieties are robust plants that thrive very well even in large cities. Since a classical greening in the horizontal plane is often not possible, especially in the city centre, these vines offer a wonderful and natural possibility to green at least the vertical plane.

 

 

Parthenocissus varieties from the Lubera® garden shop

 

Together we want to conquer the vertical in the garden, to win back the airspace and air sovereignty for us gardeners and our plants! We have therefore selected several varieties for you – these really are the prime example of a self-climbing climbing plant. The variety 'Engelmannii', for example, scores with its spectacular, blood-red autumn colouring and very decorative, blue-black berries. The large, five-lobed leaves are also very beautiful even when green. ''Green Spring' surprises with very large, up to 25 cm (!) long leaves, which shine in orange and red shades in autumn. The small-leaved wild vine Parthenocissus thomsonii is characterised by very decorative, five-lobed leaves, which already have a very attractive bronze-red colouring when budding and glow in autumn in various shades of red.

Does a bare facade or rusty fence slowly get on your nerves? With this type of vine the problem can be solved easily and above all quickly – these plants can grow up to two metres per year once they are established. They are also very practical: they climb by themselves, adhere well and have a life expectancy of about 50 years. If you buy one of these vines from the Lubera Garden Shop, a beautiful, well-developed plant with a strong root ball in the pot will be sent to you in a few days (in our self-developed plant-gentle packaging) and it can immediately start to establish itself in your garden. The variety 'Veitchii' is especially popular because it is very robust, can be planted in almost any location and also grows very quickly.

 

Wild vine vs. wild grapevine

 

Wild vines (botanically Parthenocissus) are sometimes confused with the wild grapevine (bot. Vitis vinifera), which is threatened with extinction in Germany, by the way. Wild vines originate from North America and is also a common plant in Europe. The wild vine is a subspecies of the genus vine (Vitis). However, to complete the confusion, this ornamental climbing plant (Parthenocissus) also belongs to the vine family (Vitaceae).

So, what is named similarly also belongs together botanically in this case, although the relationship between the vine (whether wild or domesticated) and the wild vine discussed here is already quite extensive.

 

The different names

 

The botanical name Parthenocissus is composed of the Greek words παρθενος (parthenos), 'virgin' and κισσός (kissos, latinized cissus), 'ivy'. The name implies the ability of this plant to produce fruit without pollination and to grow like a climbing ivy plant. The name 'Virginia creeper' is also aimed at the virgin fruit and combines this ability to produce unfertilised fruit with the proximity to the wide grape, which is also botanically related.

 

The three-lobed vine and the five-lobed vine

 

The fast-growing three-pointed virgin vine (Parthencissus tricuspidata), also known as Boston ivy, grape ivy or Japanese ivy, can easily climb a wall over 20 meters high or a corresponding high-rise building. But it likes it, even more, to grow in width and often reaches more than twice the width of height. Boson ivy is native to Japan, China and Korea. This self-climbing plant forms adhesive disks which, as young plants, form a slightly corrosive glue at their flattened tips, which makes it easier for the plant to adhere, especially at the beginning, even on relatively smooth surfaces. In the course of the vegetative period, the adhesive disc tendril lignifies and dies off.

In contrast to the three-pointed Virginia creeper, which likes to grow wide, the five-lobed vine (P. quinquefolia) likes to grow vertically and is therefore especially suitable for greening narrow and high areas.

 

Pruning & care

 

This vine is basically very tolerant of pruning; you can ultimately cut whatever you want to cut radically at almost any time and the plant regenerates immediately. The cutting has actually only two goals: at best, to stem the growth laterally or in height and to prevent the colonisation of not intended areas and structures (e.g. roofs). However, to achieve this, as already mentioned, one has to cut radically and cut repeatedly because the metre-long growth of this plant can develop at rocket speed. The second function is to remove deadwood for maintenance and to generate new growth, especially in the older area of a wild vine plant. Because, as we have shown above, only the young shoots with their adhesive discs actually hold on to the ground, and if the lower, actually heavy bearing areas of this plant no longer produces new shoots and accordingly no longer adheres, it loses stability. Of course, in such a situation there is also the possibility of using trusses and poles to provide additional secure stability to the facade greening. Cutting scraps can be used as cuttings for propagation.

 

Flowers and berry fruits

 

In the summer, this vine produces white, slightly greenish flower panicles, which are often visited by bees and bumblebees. In autumn, the fruits develop from them. The dark blue berries are inedible for us humans, but some birds like them. The University of Zurich, Institute of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, states that the berries are slightly toxic to birds because of the calcium oxalate and oxalic acid they contain, which can cause damage to the kidneys at high doses. In Hermann Schnabl's book 'Vogelfutterpflanzen' (Bird food plants) this vine is described as a food plant. It is not used in naturopathy.

Besides ivy (Hedera helix) or garden honeysuckle (Lonicera caprifolium), this vine offers ideal breeding grounds for birds.

 

Does it need a climbing aid?

 

Although it is generally described as a self-climbing climber, there are subspecies and varieties such as P. vitacea that need climbing aids, both in the case of the three-lobed and the five-lobed (P. quinquefolie). In our Lubera assortment, all Parthenocissus varieties are self-climbing plants that actually do not need climbing aids. However, if you decide to buy one of these plants from the Lubera garden shop, we recommend a sturdy wire scaffold despite its self-climbing ability. This serves as protection against falling and also stabilises the plant if the old, woody parts of the plant do not produce enough new, adherent tendrils; in addition, this prevents damage to house walls, facades or walls by the strongly adherent tendrils. It should also be noted that these actually self-climbing vine plants usually do not find sufficient support for their adhesive discs on too filigree vine frames and are then dependent on tying aids anyway.

 

Removing from the house wall

 

The branches and tendrils can be easily broken up and torn off. The adhesive feet of this vine, however, remain stuck to the wall. These must either be removed together with the old plaster or rinsed off with a high-pressure cleaner. A good tip: first treat the plant remains with acetic acid and scrape off with a wire brush (a drill with a wire brush attachment). If the wall is not made of flammable material, the adhesive discs can also be removed with a gas burner.

 

In a pot

 

The most suitable variety from our assortment for keeping in pots is the small-leaved (Parthenocissus thomsonii). This species is much smaller and daintier than the other types and grows much slower.

Also 'Veitchii', the three-pointed young vine, with its much flatter root system will fit into a pot.

For a young plant, take a 30 x 30 cm pot with drainage holes at the beginning and transplant into a slightly larger pot every two to three years. We recommend that you use the Fruitful Soil: No. 1 Pot & Containers.

If you keep one of these vines in a pot, you should regularly supply the plant with a compound fertiliser, from April to August, at intervals of about two to three weeks.

 

Location

 

It would be nice if your vine plant was placed in a sunny location because the more sun the plant gets, the more intensely its leaves colour in autumn. But this vine can also grow well in partial shade. As far as the soil is concerned, when it is planted directly in the garden and not in a pot, it is undemanding. Even drought does not bother these plants much.

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