Your opinion is important to us!

We are constantly making our site better and more user friendly for you. Any dispute, whether praise or criticism is important to us!

We welcome your suggestions!

Send

Feedback
Flat delivery fee £4.95, for all plants (excepted areas see here).
Customer service & advice: call 0845 527 1658 or email support@lubera.co.uk

Wisteria

Wisteria plants enchant every home and every garden with their long blue flower Wisteria Blauregen
clusters. The rich flowers of the Wisteria can be seen spilling over garden entrances; they create romantic garden pictures or sometimes serve as a visual screen in front of the neighbours!

Chinese and Japanese Wisteria

In our Lubera garden shop, we offer different varieties of the two main types of blue Wisteria, namely Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda). These varieties provide the gardener with all colour shades, from white to pink to deep blue. If you want to buy a beautiful blue plant for your pergola or your garden wall, then the Lubera garden shop is the place for you!

 

   
 
American wisteria 'Amethyst Falls'®

Wisteria frutescens 'Amethyst Falls'® a compact, rich-blooming, fragrant wisteria

£21.90 *

American Wisteria 'Longwood Purple'

Wisteria frutescens 'Longwood Purple' - with dense flowers clusters in purple-blue

£25.40 *

American Wisteria 'Nivea'

Wisteria frutescens 'Nivea' - with compact, white, fragrant flower clusters

£25.40 *

   
 

Chinese Wisteria plants – such as the varieties Alba or Prolific – bloom starting in April before the foliage appears and thus offers a big spectacle. There are simply no leaves and no new shoots that compete with the flowers. However, Chinese Wisteria varieties are more susceptible to late frosts than Wisteria floribunda, which is a later flowering type than the Japanese Wisteria plants, e.g. the glorious Wisteria 'Blue Dream'.  Another exciting distinction has to be mentioned: the Chinese Wisteria is more vigorous and a left-winder (meaning it climbs counter clockwise); the Japanese Wisteria is a right-winder and is a little less strong, but later flowering.

American Wisteria & Silk Wisteria

You will also find another species, such as the American Wisteria, which is botanically called Wisteria frutescens. Wisteria frutescens 'Nivea' is especially suitable for growing in containers.  The American strain 'Longwood Purple' thrills with its deep purple flowers. The American, hardy, blue wisteria grows overall slower and tamer than Wisteria sinensis or Wisteria floribunda, but it can also climb up to 15 m high. It is therefore good for keeping in pots. If you cut back the American Wisterias in the container after flowering in the summer, they do not get too big. The American Wisteria (W. frutescens) has relatively small, rather roundish flower clusters of 5 to 15 cm in length.

The fine, pink-coloured silk Sisteria varietey 'Shiro Beni' belongs to yet another subspecies, Wisteria brachybotrys, which originated in Japan. These Wisteria flowers in warm pink to blue tones smell pleasant and are a popular food source for bees and bumblebees.

Pruning Wisteria

If you are diligent and prune the wisteria not once, but twice, in the summer and in the winter, the plant will thank you for it with an incredible flowering abundance. In the summer, this year's shoots should be cut to 10 to 30 cm. The shoots cut back in the summer are then taken back to two or three buds in the winter. Of course, this only applies to the long, whip-like shoots, not to the main shoots, which are left natural and neatly connected to the intended branches. This is very important, especially in the early years of a Wisteria planting, when the Wisteria is set up and raised on a pergola or on a wall framework.

Why The Double Pruning?

Pruning in the summer is technically simple and easy to justify: everything that grows too strong should be cut off, shortened to 10-30 cm. Above all, the so-called whip shoots, which grow out into the empty space for an infinite period, are shortened, since they do not form flower buds. This pruning stimulates flower bud formation close to the branching, which then manifests itself in the thicker and rounder buds. The final cut before budding, which reduces the side shoots again to 2-3 buds, i.e. to about 5 cm, helps once again to keep the plant compact and make the flower power even more spectacular.

A tip from us: if you cut your Wisteria, you should wear dark work clothes because the plant will take some revenge for your cutting measures, leaving small brown and, above all, hard to remove stains.

Location

Wisteria loves to have damp feet, but the rest of the plant body stretches and stretches towards the full sun. The plant blooms much less in partial shade. Do not plant the Wisteria too close to a gutter because it can easily cause damage and crush even the most stable metal construction with its immense plant forces. The soil should be rich in humus, acid to neutral (with pH values ​​between 5.5 and 6), moist but permeable to water. It is very important that the soil is lime-free because if there is too much lime the Wisteria loses its leaves or the leaves turn yellow. If necessary, such symptoms may also be treated with a specialised iron fertiliser, e.g. our Frutiliser Instant Solution. This can help very quickly because the calcareous soil hinders the natural iron absorption. The Wisteria has an above average water requirement. The soil should always be moist. If the soil is too dry in the spring, just before flowering, the flower buds will fall off.

Hardiness And Planting Of Wisteria

Wisteria is hardy, however winter protection is recommended in the first years until the plant is sufficiently strong and well established. When planting in the garden, a sheltered location is advantageous. In the winter, the Wisteria loses its leaves and withstands severe frosts usually without problems. When the plant freezes in an exceptionally cold winter and in very cold, continental regions, it grows again out of the base in April to May (be patient!). Therefore, it is also very important when planting that the grafted Wisteria is planted deep (10-15 cm lower than the pot), so that the variety can regenerate again from the underground buds.

More frequent than such winter damage, however, are spring frosts, which can strike the blooming flowers too early. Therefore, a protected, slightly warmer location is recommended; with late frosts sometimes throwing a sheet over the plant helps.

Should Wisteria Plants Be Mulched?

Mulch can be used so that the soil holds the moisture better. However, this should only be done with a 2-3 year old Wisteria plant. Also note that the mulch material binds nutrients during the decaying process, which are then not available to the plant. This means that about 30% more fertiliser must be applied when mulching.

Attention Voles!

The Wisteria produces strong, fleshy roots, which are often eaten by voles. Despite its toxicity, the Wisteria is one of the favourite foods of these creatures. What to do? Certain plants such as the Crown Imperial Fritillaria Lutea, Tagetes, Euphorbia lathyris or garlic should keep the animals away.

Grafted Wisteria Plants Bloom Immediately

Wisteria usually blooms twice per year: the first flowers appear in the spring before the leaves; a second flower follows in July/August. The second flowering is weaker and is not as noticeable as the first flowering due to the leafy masses. This is also the case with the Chinese Wisteria, in which the flowers appear before the green leaves.The flower buds develop on old, last year's wood. It is important that you buy and plant grafted Wisteria plants. We only offer these in the Lubera garden shop because they usually bloom immediately. Non-grafted plants take up to 10 or even 15 years to flower!

Seeds, Cultivation And Propagation

The fruits of the Wisteria are velvety legumes, which burst with much energy to scatter flat seeds as far as possible. The seeds are ripe when the bean-like pods turn brownish. They then burst and let the seeds fall out. You can pick up the seeds, then store them in the cool, dry and dark until spring and then you can plant them. So that the seeds germinate well and reliably, they must be placed in the freezer or in the lowest compartment of the refrigerator for six weeks. Dry seeds are best soaked in water for about 24 hours before sowing. Incidentally, the fruits can also be harvested a little bit unripe and left to ripen. However, you should not leave them lying around unattended when you have children or pets because the seeds are poisonous.

You must be aware that with the so-called sexual propagation by sowing, new gene combinations and colours will be created that differ from the mother variety. On the other hand, with vegetative, asexual propagation done by cuttings and grafting genetically identical clones will be the result.

If you decide to propagate via seeds, you really need to be patient, as it will take a few years for the plant to grow until it becomes established and finally, eventually, after 10 years, it will flower.

Of course, the simpler way is to buy a grafted, well-developed and already well-established plant from the Lubera garden shop, which can be planted at any time (except when there is ground frost). Our plants usually bloom in the first year.

Are Wisteria Plants Poisonous?

The Wisteria is ranked as a poisonous plant because of its contents and it must not be consumed. The branches contain resins and glycosides that can cause stomach discomfort, diarrhoea and circulatory collapse in humans. All parts (also the bark and roots) are poisonous and the seeds are particularly poisonous. The seeds and pods contain lectins; the seeds additionally contain an unknown substance. The bark and roots contain wisterine. Under certain circumstances irritation or intolerance may occur even with skin contact.

Biology And Name

The botanical name "Wisteria" was given to the Wisteria by the botanist Thomas Nuttall, in honour of the American physician and anatomist Caspar Wistar (1761-1818). Entada is the old scientific name for Wisteria.

It is also interesting that the only regular and reliable pollinator in Central Europe is the violet carpenter bee (Xylocopa violacea). Other insects cannot trigger the brush mechanism that causes the bees to creep into the flower.

The thick snare shoots of the Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) are even used in Japan to build bridges for crossing rivers.

Wisteria belongs to the subfamily of the Fabulouseae (Faboideae), it has very nicely formed, butterfly-like flowers that hang down in long clusters. In East Asia, this beauty is also known as Wisteria (to Greek glykýs = sweet) because the Wisteria scent is incredibly intense, while unobtrusively sweet, with a very warm, floral smell that is much like a combination of jasmine with tulip. In any case, bees and bumblebees are blown away by the nectar-rich, delicious butterfly blossoms. Even after flowering, the Wisteria is still very decorative with its large, pinnate leaves.

Trellis Aids For Wisteria

Belonging to the legume family, the blue-green plants are very long-lived climbing shrubs that feel most comfortable on a pergola or on a trellis on a wall.

Wisteria has no adhesive parts like self-clinging ivy or common grape vine. Wisteria is a vigorous, strong growing climber that grows over 30 metres and requires a sturdy trunk. Precisely for this reason, we can highly recommend an arch from Harrod Horticultural. The Harrod arches and obelisks made of stainless steel are of excellent quality and are also recommended by the world's most renowned gardening company, the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS).

Train Wisteria Like A Tree

Wisteria are not only perfect on trellises, climbing frames, obelisks, pergolas, arches or on wires, but can also be trained as a freestanding shrub or a small, picturesque tree. For this purpose, it is only necessary to hoist the trunk on a (by no means prominent) metal scaffold or on a pole and then cut back the crown two to three times a year, so that over time a kind of Wisteria umbrella is created.

Tag cloud

 

Viewed