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Fir Trees

Tannenbaum kaufen

Whether as a garden plant or for Christmas decoration, if you buy a Christmas tree, you will receive a decorative, fragrant conifer. This can evolve into an impressive, large tree over decades, but there is also an attractive selection of small-sized fir tree species and varieties. Some low-growing firs are ideal as attractive potted plants on balconies or terraces.

"Spruce trees are prickly – fir trees are not". This is another reason to choose a fir tree. These representatives of the genus Abies impress with their velvety, flat-shaped needles. Thanks to their many positive properties, firs such as the Nordmann or Korean Fir are very popular at Christmas time. This is also because they already usually show the desired pyramidal growth with evenly arranged, strong branches; they keep their needles for a long time and they fill the living room with a pleasant pine scent. If you want be sustainable, buy your Christmas fir in a container and plant it out after a few years.

Buying a Christmas Tree

Small or big, you can choose the perfect Christmas tree from our Lubera® range! A dwarf fir is perfect for a planter on terraces, balconies, doorways and courtyards. Even in flower beds, rockeries and near graves, small fir trees are a beautiful eye-catcher. Here are some recommended varieties from our garden shop:

• The dwarf balsam fir 'Nana' has a flat-spherical habit and reaches a maximum height of one metre. It is ideal for planting in beds, containers or in cemeteries.

• The undemanding Korean fir forms cones starting once it has grown to a height of about one metre. These are splendid to look at with their violet-purple or red-brownish-silver colour. As a Christmas tree, the Korean Fir can be kept in a container for up to three years.

• Abies procera 'Glauca', the noble fir, develops into a distinctive, medium-sized tree. It has intensely coloured blue-white needles and presents its interesting, loose, cone-shaped growth over the years.

   
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Caucasian Fir

Abies nordmanniana, the classic fir for larger gardens

£34.40 *

Dwarf Balsam Fir

Abies balsamea 'Nana'

£26.90 *

Dwarf Balsam Fir 'Piccolo'

Abies balsamea 'Piccolo', the extremely hardy dwarf evergreen conifer

£19.40 *

Dwarf Korean Fir 'Brillant'

Abies koreana 'Brillant', the compact fir with beautiful needles

From £26.90 *

Dwarf Korean Fir 'Compacta'

Abies koreana 'Compacta' - A dwarf tree, like out of a picture book

£31.90 *

Dwarf Korean Fir 'Kohout's Icebreaker'®

Abies koreana 'Kohout's Icebreaker'®(S), the dwarf fir with the silvery needles

£41.90 *

Dwarf Korean Fir 'Kristallkugel'

Abies koreana 'Kristallkugel', the very frost hardy, miniature Korean fir

£34.40 *

Dwarf Korean Fir 'Silberperl' - Dwarf Standard

Abies koreana 'Silberperl' - the decorative, evergreen dwarf standard

£31.90 *

Dwarf Noble Fir 'Blaue Hexe'

Abies procera 'Blaue Hexe', the pillow-shaped dwarf fir with steel blue needles

£36.40 *

Grafted Dwarf Korean Fir 'Cis'

Abies koreana 'Cis', the evergreen, dwarf standard for pots and beds

£31.90 *

Korean Fir

Abies koreana - forms pinecones the fastest

From £12.90 *

Korean Fir 'Blauer Eskimo' - Dwarf Standard

Abies koreana 'Blauer Eskimo' - as a dwarf standard it is ideal for planters

£31.90 *

   
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Tannenbaum kaufen

Facts About Fir Trees

Fir trees form a separate genus within the pine family (Pinaceae). All fir species are native to the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere – mostly in mountainous regions. They love areas where sufficient humidity and moderate temperatures prevail. In Central Europe, the silver fir can be found, which can reach a height of up to 50 metres. Fir trees show a strict growth habit with a continuous main axis. The branching is usually floor-level with a harmonious crown shape. They form deep taproots.

The cones on a fir are on the top branches and are always upright – spruce cones, however, are hanging.

Especially for garden design, the varieties of Korean fir and noble fir are interesting – the latter appears to be bluish white due to the thick wax coating of the needles.

Soil Requirements of a Fir Tree

When you buy a fir tree, the plant’s substrate is important. The soil should be sufficiently moist, fresh and nutritious. The coniferous wood tolerates acidic to alkaline soils – a pH between 5 and 6 is optimal. A deep, airy substrate is ideal for coniferous trees, as there is less frost damage to the roots. If you have a heavy clay soil, you should loosen it up – a peat substitute product can help here. Improving a lime-rich soil with an acidifying fertiliser can also be helpful in creating ideal growing conditions.

Caring for Firs                                   

Firs love uniform soil moisture. For this reason, you should mulch the tree with leafy or bark humus. Regular fertilisation is usually not necessary because a Christmas tree has no high nutrient requirements. However, from February to August you should occasionally apply fertiliser if it is planted in a pot. When you buy a fir tree, you should provide adequate water after planting, especially on hot summer days. As they grow older, fir trees become more robust and require less care.

Since firs are evergreen, this can also lead to lack of water in the winter. Especially in high sunlight and areas with permafrost this becomes a problem as the plant then boosts its metabolism. If the soil is frozen, the plant will not be able to absorb the needed water from the frozen soil. So water well, even in the winter – especially a young plant. In addition, you can use a fleece to protect it from the winter sun.

Epsom Salts as Fertiliser

If the needles are yellow, this can be an indication of magnesium deficiency. If you want to be sure, you should take a soil sample – an indicator of the deficiency may be a very high or very low pH. For green needles and a healthy look, Epsom salt, a highly concentrated magnesium sulphate fertiliser, can be used. Be careful, as it is easy to overdose with this and apply according to the manufacturer's instructions. For a dry application, you should work the salt into the soil and then water well.

Pruning

When you buy a fir tree, it usually does not need to be pruned. Without pruning, the beautiful growth is even better. If you want to reduce the growth habit, this is possible however the fir will not sprout again from the old wood. Cut your Nordmann fir only after it has reached three years of age. The best time for a prune is after flowering, starting about June. For narrower growth the outer shoots can be pruned. Basically, you should only remove dead or frozen shoots.

Fir Tips as Medicine and in the Kitchen

Fir tips, needles and the resin of the fir contain essential oils and vitamins. From this, a "fir tea" can be produced – and it can be an excellent remedy for colds. To make the tea, brew the fresh, young shoot tips (preferably from older trees that have not been treated with chemicals) with hot water, let the tea seep for 10 minutes and then drink it with a little bit of honey.

In aromatherapy, fir trees are also used due to their fragrance. The essential oils of fir are super for using as a soothing infusion in saunas. You can also boil fresh fir branches for 20 minutes in a pot and then take a steam bath.

Use in the Kitchen

The light green shoot tips of a fir can be used to flavour food – even a tasty fir/pine tip jelly or syrup can be produced from them.

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