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Lubera stops plant deliveries to the UK
Due to Brexit, we are not able to deliver to the UK. We are working on a solution on how we can continue to bring a wide range of Lubera plants to the UK and directly to our customers' homes in the future. However, such a solution will not be available before 2022 or 2023.

Caucasian Fir

Abies nordmanniana, the classic fir for larger gardens

Caucasian Fir


Article number: 2193969


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£35.90 *

Keep this in mind: The delivery of your entire order with us only costs £4.95! Even if you order many plants, the delivery costs will remain at £4.95. With Lubera, you do not pay for the transport per plant, but per order.


Product information "Caucasian Fir"

The Caucasian fir is a forest tree from western Caucasus. In its younger years it grows about 30 cm per year; later even up to 50 cm. It can easily reach heights of 20 metres, sometimes even 25 metres. Consequently, the Caucasian fir is not a tree for small land plots and you should consider its space requirements from the outset.
Beautiful needles

The Caucasian fir has long, shiny, dark green needles. They are very close together and are not prickly. The decorative needles and the uniform, pyramidal growth are also the reason that Abies nordmanniana is by far the most popular Christmas tree.
An eye catcher for large gardens

The Caucasian fir grows in both sunny and shady locations. It copes with every garden soil and is completely hardy. In large gardens, this coniferous tree becomes an evergreen eye-catcher due to its uniform growth. Also, the 15 cm long, dark brown cones are very ornamental. For a few years, you can easily grow young Caucasian firs in pots and decorate them in the winter as a Christmas tree, for example on the terrace. In the long run, this classic fir will grow out of its containers and should then be planted out.
Origin of the Caucasian fir
Today the Caucasian fir, or Nordmann fir as it is also called, is the undisputed leader for Christmas trees. That was not the case 30 or 40 years ago; red spruce trees were still usually set up in our living rooms. And the other trees were simply tampered with in the forest.
If one hears the term "Nordmann fir", then immediately the association of "Scandinavia" comes to mind. And indeed, the Nordmann fir has two points of reference to Scandinavia: the largest Christmas tree and also Nordmann fir producer is Denmark, and it was a Finn, Alexander von Nordmann, who first discovered and described this fir tree. But the species itself, contrary to one’s intuition, does not come from Scandinavia, but from the Caucasus. It grows there from heights of 1000 m, forming 50-60 m high giant trees, with trunks up to 2 m in diameter. Nordmann firs can become 300 to 500 years old in their area of origin.
And that explains in part Abies nordmanniana’s late introduction to the market: only after the “turning point”, after the opening of the Iron Curtain, could seeds be harvested and exported unhindered in the Caucasus. Even today, a large part of the seeds, which eventually grow into millions of Christmas trees, come from the Caucasus, because in Central Europe there are simply not enough old and high-yielding seed trees.
So if you buy a Caucasian or Nordmann fir as a Christmas tree, you do not need to be afraid that a tree will be missing in a forest in the future, but you can be sure that the Christmas trees have been cultivated and harvested in a specially planted plantation. Incidentally, sustainability is also respected today in the seed crops, in which enough cones and seeds are left for the natural reproduction and propagation of the species.
  • Final height 15m to 20m
  • Final width 4m to 7.5m
  • Available February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November
  • Fragrance slightly scented
  • Use beds/borders, outdoors, for containers, as a structural plant, for group plantings, as a specimen plant
  • Hardiness hardy
  • Soil moist, heavy, moderately heavy, light, alkaline, slightly alkaline, neutral, acidic, slightly acidic
  • Location shade, partial shade, full sun
  • Leaf Colour green

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