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Juniper

Wacholder kaufen

If you buy a juniper, it will inspire your garden designing skills with its variety of forms. Whether as a flat shrub or a columnar tree: a juniper brings liveliness and structure to every location. Junipers are large: The carpet juniper is, with its low-growing habit, an excellent, evergreen groundcover in heather beds and rockeries and is easy to care for.  It also looks good in plant troughs on the terrace and in combination with perennials. Column junipers are often planted instead of cypress trees in our latitudes, as hard frost cannot harm them. They fit perfectly into a front garden with their slender growth and are also wonderful when combined with natural stones. In general, the cypress family are undemanding woody plants, which tolerate long periods of drought well. So it's worth planting a juniper!

Buying Juniper – Robust Wood in Many Forms

Take a look at our rich Lubera® range! This shows the versatility of the juniper: whether upright, carpet-like, fan-shaped or dwarf-like – there is the right plant for every garden design. The foliage of the attractive conifers varies from yellow to blue. Below are a few variety recommendations from our range:

• The Chinese juniper 'Stricta' presents itself loosely, which grows first upright and later somewhat pyramid-shaped. The needles are not sharp and are very eye-catching due to their rich, slightly bluish hue.

• The dwarf juniper 'Blue Star' also shines in a distinctive blue tone. It has slow, stocky growth and is ideal for grave plantings, rockeries and planters.

• The juniper 'Gold Coast' spreads horizontally, growing densely branched with beautiful, golden yellow shoot tips.

   
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Chinese juniper

Juniperus chinensis 'Plumosa Aurea'

£26.90 *

Chinese Juniper 'Blaauw'

Juniperus chinensis 'Blaauw', the robust juniper with slow growth

From £14.40 *

Chinese Juniper 'Blaauw' - Dwarf Standard

Juniperus chinensis 'Blaauw', the evergreen juniper tree for balconies and terraces

£31.90 *

Chinese Juniper 'Blue Alps'

Juniperus chinensis 'Blue Alps', the bushy juniper with silvery green needles

£6.90 *

Chinese Juniper 'Gold Star'

Juniperus media 'Gold Star', the juniper with bright yellow needles

£7.90 *

Chinese Juniper 'Stricta'

Juniperus chinensis 'Stricta', the silvery blue/green juniper with a distinct,...

From £7.90 *

Common juniper

Juniperus communis 'Arnold'

£15.40 *

Common Juniper 'Excelsa'

Juniperus communis 'Excelsa', the silver, blue-green columnar juniper

From £16.40 *

Common Juniper 'Gold Cone'

Juniperus communis 'Gold Cone' has fantastic, golden yellow columns with slow growth

From £16.40 *

Creeping juniper

Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltonii'

£11.90 *

Creeping Juniper 'Blue Chip'

Juniperus horizontalis 'Blue Chip', the slow-growing ground cover with blue needles

£5.90 *

Creeping Juniper 'Glauca'

Juniperus horizontalis 'Glauca', the silvery blue juniper with extremely flat growth

£5.90 *

   
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Wacholder kaufen

Worth Knowing About the Juniper

The juniper (genus Juniperus) occurs worldwide with over 60 species and belongs to the cypress family. It can be found almost everywhere in the northern hemisphere – in moor areas as well as in dry sandy soils or in high mountains. In Central Europe, the common juniper (Juniperus communis) and the savin juniper (Juniperus sabina) are also native.

Juniper grows, depending on the species, as an evergreen shrub or tree. Its close-fitting foliage is needle-shaped, sometimes very pointed, and forms small whorls, which appear like little stars. Because of its piercing needles Juniperus communis is usually rejected by livestock, which is why it is often the only larger plant in heathlands and thus characterises the biotope. A juniper shrub usually grows slowly, but often gets very old. Its wood is suitable for carving; the spicy aroma is also highly appreciated when smoking food.

The juniper is ecologically valuable, as its male flowers provide pollen for bees in the spring. The dense branches are also a good breeding ground for birds and the berry cones are also used as food.

The pathogen of European pear rust, scientifically Gymnosporangium sabinae, is a host-changing rust fungus. It needs a juniper plant and a pear tree for its development. The fungus mainly settles on juniper species originating from Asia. The Lubera assortment contains mainly non-susceptible or low-susceptible cultivars. The native common juniper (Juniperus communis) and its garden forms, the creeping juniper (Juniperus horizontalis) and the flaky juniper (Juniperus squamata) are not affected by of European pear rust.

Location

If you buy a juniper, it is very adaptable – provided it gets enough light. The location should be as sunny as possible; however partial shade is also tolerated. It is advisable to choose a fairly open location so that shading by higher trees is avoided. A juniper can cope well with prolonged dryness. In nature, it is often found in sandy and steppe areas.

The Juniperus representatives prefer loamy sand. A poor soil is usually not a problem, and can even favour the development of the plant. The soil for a juniper should therefore generally not be too moist and not too rich in nutrients. The soil pH may generally be both moderately acidic and slightly basic for good growth.

Planting & Nurturing a Juniper Shrub

If you buy a juniper, it should be planted in the spring or early autumn. It is advisable to incorporate some compost in the soil during planting. In addition, a juniper usually does not require fertilisation. If at all, it is best to apply nitrogen via an organic fertiliser that releases its nutrients slowly. If there is a magnesium deficiency (yellow leaves are often an indicator), this can be counteracted with Epsom salt.

A juniper is very easy to care for. Only in the early years should it be watered when dry. Once the roots are established, the plant can cope without additional watering.

If the juniper is kept in a container, it should be watered moderately. The soil substrate should be dried until the next watering. In addition, a slow release fertiliser suitable for conifers is recommended, which should be used sparingly.

Pruning a Juniper

Whether as a hedge, solitary plant or topiary plant: if you buy a juniper, it is very versatile. The plants are quite tolerant to pruning and can be worked on year-round, but preferably in the spring or autumn. Dead shoots, diseased branches and inward-growing branches should be removed on a regular basis. The coniferous tree will thus retain its vitality and shape.

If you want to obtain a columnar shape, you should occasionally cut back because without pruning the shoots in older plants like to divide sometimes, which can result in some bizarre shapes. If the cut was missed for several years, caution should be exercised, as the plant cannot stand radical pruning. A juniper will not produce new growth on the old wood.

One hedge cut per year is usually sufficient for a juniper plant as it grows slowly.

You should cut a juniper in a container if possible in the spring because here the frost sensitivity is slightly increased.

Toxicity

The fruits and needles of almost all juniper species are slightly toxic due to their essential oils – the exception being the dark blue berries of the common juniper (Juniperus communis). If, however, large amounts of the berries/cones of Juniperus communis are consumed, mild signs of intoxication may occur. The symptoms are usually limited to diarrhoea. When very large amounts are consumed kidney damage can also occur.

When cutting a juniper, gloves should be worn not only because of the sharp needles but because sensitive people may develop allergic reactions when they come into contact with the plant.

Juniper Berries – Use in the Kitchen and Folk Medicine

The black-blue juniper berries of the species Juniperus communis taste spicy. Botanically, these are fused cones on female plants. In the kitchen they are used for game dishes, for pickling and for producing gin.

In folk medicine, juniper berries were used as a stomachic and as an agent for indigestion and flatulence. The cones are also used to treat rheumatism.

Anyone hoping for cones in their own garden must know the following:

In order for the berries to emerge, mostly plants of both sexes must be present. Male specimens can be recognised at the flowering time by their yellowish flowers. Several years pass before the first cones appear on a female plant, and their maturation takes three years. However, because junipers are primarily traded as ornamental trees, gender labelling is often absent. The variety 'Meyer' is often described as being self-fertile or female. A combination of Juniperus communis 'Suecica' (female) and Juniperus communis 'Hibernica' (male) is also said to produce aromatic cones. Let us know your experience!

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