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Pine trees

Kiefer kaufen

If you buy a pine, you will have countless design options because the conifers of the genus Pinus are extremely versatile. Due to the enormous selection of varieties and their excellent adaptability, the pine is a great all-rounder, which gives every place a special touch. It fits well in alpine gardens, blends in with Japanese shrubs and rhododendrons and beautifies graves. Some pines grow as small, shrubby dwarves with a perfect structure, while others form a stately habit as a tree or large shrub.

Pines exude a unique, aromatic fragrance and they stand out due to their long needles and beautiful cones. These conifers are very undemanding – a dry soil, harsh frost and strong wind usually don’t bother them. But it is important to make sure you plant them in a fairly light location.

Buying Pine - A Wildly Romantic Conifer for Every Garden Design

Whether as an imposing soloist in an open space, in a rock or gravel garden or in a planter: a distinctive pine tree can be easily grown anywhere. Take a look at the huge assortment at Lubera®! Here you will find tall Pinus species with expressive growth habits that deserve to be displayed in any home garden. In addition, there are also many attractive dwarf pines and interesting garden forms with cushion-like or spherical growth. Here are a few variety examples from our shop:

• The undemanding and extremely hardy mountain pine, which is native to the Alps, grows as a multi-stemmed large shrub and becomes a medium-high conical tree in old age. In addition to being used as a solitary tree, Pinus mugo allows you to create a wide and loose growing hedge for your front garden.  Pines are also ideal a windbreaks.

• The Blue Pine 'Fastigiata' grows tall and slender, setting a great accent in the garden.

• The creeping pine 'Pumilio' grows cushion-shaped to flat-spherical and spreads out in old age. It is suitable as both a free-growing or shaped hedge and it is also perfect for a container planting.

 

   
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Bhutan Pine

Pinus wallichiana 'Densa Hill'

From £25.40 *

Black Pine 'Kleiner Turm'

Pinus nigra 'Kleiner Turm'

From £21.40 *

Black Pine 'Select'

Pinus nigra 'Select'

£40.90 *

Black Pine 'Spielberg'

Pinus nigra 'Spielberg'

From £35.40 *

Bonsai-like Japanese White Pine

Pinus parviflora 'Pentaphylla Glauca'

£37.40 *

Bosnian Pine 'Compact Gem'

Pinus heldreichii var. leucodermis 'Compact Gem'

£26.90 *

Bosnian Pine 'Compact Gem' in a red, decorative pot

Pinus heldreichii var. leucodermis 'Compact Gem'

£28.40 *

Bosnian Pine 'Den Ouden'

Pinus heldreichii 'Den Ouden'

From £25.40 *

Bosnian Pine 'Helmers Japan'

Pinus heldreichii 'Helmers Japan'

From £26.90 *

No image available Bosnian Pine 'Little Dracula'

Pinus heldreichii 'Little Dracula'

From £26.90 *

Compact Japanese White Pine

Pinus parviflora 'Negishi'

£21.40 *

   
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Kiefer kaufen

What to do with Pines

The pine is a conifer and belongs to the pine family. Pines are found in over 100 varieties worldwide – in North and Central America, Europe, North Africa and Asia. They have adapted to the Mediterranean climate as well as the cold winters of Siberia. Even in tropical and subtropical climatic regions of Asia, there are special types of pine. In Central Europe, the Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), the Swiss pine (Pinus cembra) and the mountain pine (Pinus mugo) are native.

The forest pines are very large in their original form and are therefore more suitable for parks. The mountain pine is significantly more compact and only grows about six metres high. Of the various species, there are also many varieties that are suitable for gardens.

The bark of older pines is cracked – it forms scales or plates. The roots are deep and therefore this plant can usually deal with dryness. Pines usually have both female and male cones on the same plant.

Through wind pollination the pine can fertilise itself – its male flowers produces a lot of yellow pollen.

The pine needles are – depending on the type – 4 to over 20 centimetres long and arranged on the branches. They stand in twos, in threes or in fives on strongly compressed shoots. This is important to know: about every two years the pine gets rid of its needles and replaces them with new ones. This is a natural occurrence in coniferous trees. It is particularly noticeable in pine trees, which more often discard larger amounts of older needles. Needles are ejected when their protective wax layer has become old and brittle. If a tree looks a bit "plucked" in the winter that is not an immediate warning signal. Especially after dry periods the needle drop can be stronger.

Symbolism of the Pine

Especially in Japanese culture, the pine has a special meaning. In addition to plums and cherries, it is one of the most popular garden plants. In the religious world of the Japanese, a pine is also worshipped as the residence of the gods.

Because of their abundance of seeds, pine cones were a symbol of fertility and wealth in ancient times.

Location

If you buy a pine, you will get a very unpretentious plant. It can be planted on quite poor, sandy, stony or boggy soils. It is also quite tolerant regarding the soil pH, but higher salt levels should be avoided. It is very important that a pine obtains enough light in the long-term (even in old age) – full sun is therefore advisable. Most pines are very hardy, windproof and heat tolerant.

A pine discards its cones and needles now and then. Thus, if possible, it should not be planted near a parking area.

Maintenance

Once a pine starts to grow, no further care is needed. The spring is an ideal time to provide a pine in a container with a slow-release fertiliser (one that is particularly suited for coniferous trees). You should not fertilise after August.

Pruning

Pruning is often not necessary for a pine that grows as a tree or large shrub.

The best time to cut a pine hedge is in April, just before budding. Use pruning shears for this and work on each shoot individually. Cut ​​pines will then produce more cones.

Dwarf pines remain compact when the new shoots, also called candles, are broken out or cut off at regular intervals. This is generally how more side shoots develop. In May, when the candles are still soft, they can simply be cut off by hand.

If you buy a pine, this is also ideal as a topiary plant and bonsai. Especially in Japan, there is a lot of knowledge about how to form the elaborate plants. However, if you are untrained, every cut has a certain risk. The wood will not grow if cut too deep into a branch!

Winter Protection

When buying a pine, it is usually not necessary to take frost-protection measures. However, a pine in a planter should be somewhat protected in the winter, as it is more sensitive than a pine that is planted out. Wrap the planter with an insulating foil and place it on a Styrofoam plate. You can also cover the branches of the young plants with a fleece. Even in the winter, the soil should not dry out completely!

As a precaution, wrap a young plant in fleece during the first few years and mulch the soil around the plant with foliage.

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