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Spruce

Fichte kaufen

Whether in a single position, as a bedding plant or as a mini Christmas tree in a pot: if you buy a spruce, it will have a lot to offer you. In particular, the grafted spruce varieties with their small or compact growth habit are perfect for home gardeners. The dwarf types of the red spruce, for example, have ball-shaped to cushion-shaped growth, which is ideal in a rock garden or planter.  Spruces are also the best companions for rhododendrons; they are perfect for providing structure in perennial beds.  Spruce trees (bot. Picea) are extremely easy to care for and robust.  Larger, more expressive varieties, such as the blue spruce 'Edith', come into their own as conical, medium tall trees. In the spring, the conspicuous violet-red cones of some varieties are particularly ornamental.

In addition to the classic fir, a spruce is a popular Christmas tree with a pronounced resinous scent that can be easily planted after the holidays; for example, the steel blue needles of the variety 'Blue Wonder' have a high, long-lasting ornamental value.

Buying Spruce - The Tree for a Coniferous Garden

Discover spruce varieties in our Lubera® range! Here are some recommended varieties for the home garden:

• The coniferous spruce ‘Acrocona’ captivates with a special play of colours in the spring: decorative, red-violet cones form a nice contrast to the bright green new growth. This spruce grows four metres high and wide.

• The oriental dwarf gold spruce 'Aurea Compacta' is a pretty, small, decorative conifer that enchants with its golden shimmer on the needles. With its compact size of 1.5 metres, 'Aurea Compacta' is also suitable for smaller gardens.

• Sugarloaf spruce 'Conica', an attractive garden form of white spruce, is a conical, very slow growing, small tree with fine, light green needles. It fits well in a planter, on graves and also works very well grown together with roses.

   
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Blue spruce 'Edith'

Picea pungens 'Edith' - A tree can only be this blue

£89.90 *

Blue Spruce 'Lucky Strike'

Picea pungens 'Lucky Strike'

£21.40 *

Compact Oriental Spruce 'Aurea'

Picea orientalis 'Aurea Compacta' - The small spruce with the golden shimmer

£35.40 *

No image available Dwarf Alberta Spruce 'Conica Perfecta'

Picea glauca 'Conica Perfecta'

£9.90 *

No image available Dwarf Alberta Spruce 'Conica'

Picea glauca 'Conica'

From £9.90 *

Dwarf Alberta Spruce 'Zuckerhut'

Picea glauca 'Zuckerhut'

£9.90 *

Dwarf Colorado Spruce 'Glauca Globosa'

Picea pungens 'Glauca Globosa'

£21.40 *

Dwarf Norway Spruce 'Pygmaea'

Picea abies 'Pygmaea', the pretty dwarf spruce with the spherical habit

£9.90 *

No image available Dwarf Norway Spruce 'Will's Zwerg'

Picea abies 'Will's Zwerg'

From £16.40 *

   
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Fichte kaufen

The spruce is a coniferous plant in the pine family, which is hardy and shadow tolerant. The spruce is represented worldwide by 35 different species. They differ in terms of their growth habit and height as well as the colour and length of their needles. The wild forms usually have a conical crown, a slender habit and well-designed cones. The red spruce or common spruce (Picea abies) is the only species that occurs naturally in Central Europe. While fir trees form a rounded crown, the crown is quite pointed in spruce trees. There is also a difference in the cones: pine cones usually rise upright into the air, mature spruce cones hang down. A spruce forms purple to pink male and female inflorescences, from the latter thrive the typical cones that eventually fall completely on the ground.

Spruces are very hardy, which is why they occur especially in northern Europe. Their roots are quite flat, which makes them slightly prone to strong winds. Conifers grow at their natural habitats mostly in rather wet soils with very different pH values.

The branches of a spruce are covered with four-edged, pointed needles, which often adhere to the branches for many years. The brushwood is very suitable for protecting other garden plants in the winter.

Location and Soil

If you buy a spruce, it prefers a sunny to semi-shaded site. Generally, it thrives best in a sheltered, partially shaded location in a humus-rich, well-drained and moist soil substrate (without waterlogging). However, there are species differences: a spruce (also called blue spruce) requires the sun. It drops its needles in the winter in a partially shaded location.

Most Picea are quite undemanding – even nutrient-poor soils are tolerated. Very dry and too heavy, clay soils are not ideal for spruces, as this increases the risk of windbreak and the possibility of pest infestation. The local climate should also not be too warm and dry, so that the spruce can withstand hot and dry summer months well. Both the Serbian spruce and blue spruce have very good drought tolerance.

The better the soil conditions are, the stronger the root system of a spruce develops. The soil pH should be slightly acidic to neutral (5.5 to about 7) for a spruce; a blue spruce prefers alkaline soil.

It is best to plant a spruce tree in a soil that is close to a well-drained, humus-rich forest soil. The addition of needle compost, clay, sand or bark humus may improve the soil. A good potting soil, which is structurally stable, is recommended for a planter.

Note: spruce trees are incompatible with themselves. If you want to create a new planting, there should not have been any spruce planted in the area before.

Planting a Spruce

On a well-drained, well-moistened soil you can plant your spruce without preparation all year round, provided that no frost is expected. It is important that you water the soil again and again after planting. A mulch layer of bark compost ensures that the soil retains the moisture longer.

Maintenance

When you buy a spruce, it is usually very easy to care for. In longer periods of drought, you should, however, water the plant, especially since young plants suffer quickly from lack of water. Fertilisation with compost and horn shavings can promote the growth in the first few years after planting. Later, the spruce roots are usually able to provide themselves with nutrients.

Fallen pine needles have a high content of humic acid. Therefore, keep an eye on the soil pH in the root area: if the value is below 5, you can improve the soil with discreet lime deposits.

The use of a standard conifer fertiliser with additional magnesium is recommended. From late summer, fertilisers should no longer be used in order to allow the conifers to mature before winter.

Pruning

A spruce does not need to be pruned regularly. If there are two tips in the young trees, one of them should be removed in time. If possible, only remove dried or dead branches from the base of the spruce. Too deep cuts in the old wood should be avoided. The main shoot should remain, so that the beautiful crown is maintained.

Winter Protection

If you buy a spruce, it is hardy. Special frost-protection measures are therefore usually only necessary for potted plants. Wrap the planter with bubble wrap and place it on wood or Styrofoam. Protect the root area with foliage or brushwood. The young shoots can be wrapped with fleece – this protects them against the intense winter sun. It is also necessary to water the plant during the winter because conifers are evergreen and therefore suffer from drought stress.

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