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Holly

Stechpalme kaufen

If you buy an evergreen holly, it will make your garden magical all year round. The plant genus Ilex offers many different leaf shapes and foliage colours, which are also stunning in the winter. The leathery leaves with their jagged edges are typical and especially the pretty red fruits, which are often used as Christmas decorations.

An Ilex is ideal as a solitary or a hedge plant. In addition, these shrubs can be used as a decorative background for a perennial border or around trees. Even as potted plants, the compact, cut-tolerant holly provides an appealing appearance. Larger specimens are also valuable for birds’ nests and breeding areas. Its flowers are also very popular with bees and bumblebees.

Buying Holly - Beautiful Fruit and Leaf Decoration

Discover the numerous uses of holly from the Lubera® range!

• Japanese holly, Ilex crenata, looks almost like a classic boxwood, but it is not affected by the typical pests. With this easy to care for boxwood replacement, attractive hedges and borders can be designed. The Japanese Ilex 'Dark Green' is hardy and has dark green, glossy leaves, which are happy to be pruned. From a spherical shape to an arched-shaped hedge: there are no limits when it comes to cutting this variety!

• Anyone who wants to enjoy the ornamental fruits should always plant a female and a male plant, as Ilex aquifolium, the common holly, and Ilex meservae are dioecious. The varieties 'Heckenstar' or 'Blue Prince' are good pollen donors for the rich fruiting variety 'Alaska'.

   
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Box-leaved Holly 'Dark Green'

Ilex crenata 'Dark Green' - the ideal alternative to boxwood

Instead of: £21.40 * From £19.40 *

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Box-leaved Holly Buchserli®

Ilex crenata Buchserli® - the non-boxwood from Buchs

Instead of: £4.40 * From £3.70 *

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Common Holly 'Alaska'

Ilex aquifolium 'Alaska' has bright green leaves and bright red berries

Instead of: £13.40 * From £11.90 *

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Common Holly 'Blue Angel'®

Ilex meserveae 'Blue Angel'® has blue-green foliage and bright red fruits

Instead of: £13.40 * From £11.40 *

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Common Holly 'Blue Angel'® in a red, decorative pot

Ilex meserveae 'Blue Angel'® has blue-green foliage and bright red fruits

Instead of: £16.40 * From £14.90 *

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Common Holly 'Blue Prince'®

Ilex meserveae 'Blue Prince'®, the opaque, evergreen plant for hedges

Instead of: £17.40 * From £15.40 *

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Common Holly 'Blue Princess'®

Ilex meserveae 'Blue Princess'® - the compact evergreen plant with ornamental berries

Instead of: £14.40 * From £12.90 *

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Common Holly 'Blue Princess'® in a red, decorative pot

Ilex meserveae 'Blue Princess'® - the compact evergreen plant with ornamental berries

Instead of: £16.40 * From £14.90 *

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Common Holly 'Casanova'®

Ilex meserveae 'Casanova'(S), the frost hardy holly with patterned foliage

Instead of: £18.40 * From £16.40 *

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Common Holly 'Heckenfee'®

Ilex meserveae 'Heckenfee'®, the evergreen hedge plant with red fruits

Instead of: £16.40 * From £14.90 *

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Common Holly 'Heckenpracht'®

Ilex meserveae 'Heckenpracht'(S), the dense, bushy and very frost hardy hedge plant

Instead of: £16.40 * From £14.90 *

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Common Holly 'Heckenstar'®

Ilex meserveae 'Heckenstar'(S), the very hardy holly with a dense, columnar habit

Instead of: £16.40 * From £14.90 *

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STechpalme kaufen

Worth Knowing About Holly

Holly – also called winterberry or Christmas holly – is an evergreen or deciduous shrub and the only genus in the Aquifoliaceae family. Depending on the type, the woody plants reach up to 2 to 25 metres in height and can grow very old. Their habit is tree-shaped or wide and bushy. The often leathery leaves are petiolate and often elliptic. Their leaf margins are smooth, sawn or thorny.

Most hollyhocks are dioecious – meaning that the plants are either male or female. Their small, white flowers appear in May and June. Occasionally the female and male flowers form reduced organs of the opposite sex. In this way, fruits can also be produced without male plants, but a pollen donor in the environment provides for stronger fruiting. The pollination usually takes place by insects. These fly eagerly from flower to flower, so that a slightly larger planting distance between the different sexes should be selected. The pea-sized drupes of female plants light up in a yellow, red, brown or black colour. The fruit decoration appears in early autumn and often remains on the bush until the spring.

If you buy holly, it can be used as a Christmas decoration. Holly branches with red fruits are very popular especially in England and the United States. The durable Ilex wood was formerly used for inlays or for walking sticks. Harry Potter’s wand was also made of holly wood. ;)

There are three holly species or hybrids that are often planted in our gardens:

• The European or Common Holly (Ilex aquifolium) is a large evergreen shrub or tree that can reach 7 metres in height. It is native to Western Europe and occurs in forests with rather acidic, humus rich soil. Ilex aquifolium grows in areas with mild winters and summers that are not too dry – especially in Atlantic-influenced parts of Europe. There are several varieties that are based on the wild form: the variety 'Rubricaulis Aurea' is a variegated Ilex aquifolium.

• Ilex x meserveae is a cross between Ilex aquifolium and Ilex rugosa from Eastern Siberia and Japan and it is particularly hardy. The upright, conical Ilex hybrids reach 1.5 to 3 metres high. The variety 'Hedge Fairy' can be planted together with the male variant 'Heckenstar', so that beautiful fruits arise.

• The garden forms of Japanese holly (Ilex crenata), originally from eastern China, Japan, Korea and Taiwan, grow rather compact and have evergreen leaves that are not thorny. The shrubs are excellent trees for cutting artistically and they are also a good boxwood substitutes. The flowers and black fruits are rather inconspicuous compared to the other species.

Where Holly Gets Its Name From

The dark green foliage and the red berries, which glow in the coldest seasons, stand for hope and love or for life and blood in Christianity. Palm Sunday commemorates the arrival of the Saviour in Jerusalem. In Central Europe, the branches of evergreen plants were used for palm branches in the past – due to the lack of real palm trees. The name 'holly' derives from this tradition.

Location

If you buy holly, it should be planted in fresh, nutrient-rich soil that can be peaty, sandy or slightly loamy. Waterlogging must be avoided at all costs. Strongly loamy soils should be improved before planting with sand and deciduous humus because holly likes permeable soils. The location for an Ilex may be sunny or shady. Generally, however, a sheltered and partially shaded location is preferable, so that the winter sun cannot dry out the evergreen plants during prolonged periods of frost (frost drought is prevented). Chalky loamy soils are not well tolerated – the soil should be neutral or slightly acidic and if necessary optimised with peat.

In winter-mild regions, particularly yellow-blue Ilex species can be planted in the sun because this is where they form their most beautiful leaf colourations.

Maintaining Holly

Holly is very easy to care for when it has established itself in the soil. Foliage compost, rhododendron fertiliser and horn shavings are suitable for fertilisation. The fertiliser should generally be low in lime.

For containers, liquid fertilisation should be applied from March to July and starting in August, fertiliser should no longer be applied because the shoots must mature enough by the start of winter. It is possible to add some Kali Magnesia fertiliser in August in order to increase the winter hardiness of the shoots.

Holly has a relatively high water requirement and must be watered in prolonged drought. Even in the winter it is grateful for one or two drinks!

Winter Protection

An applied layer of leaves (e.g. oak or beech) increases the winter hardiness of these woody plants, as the ground underneath does not freeze so quickly and the plants do not dry out. In open, windy locations, sensitive plants should also be protected with a fleece in the winter.

An Ilex planted in a container must be protected in the winter with bubble wrap or straw so that the root ball does not freeze.

Pruning

Holly is tolerant to pruning and can be rejuvenated from the old wood. The best cutting time is in early spring or late June. Large-leaved species (Ilex aquifolium, Ilex x meservae) should be cut with a mechanical hand shears, if possible, so that the leaves do not fray very much and so that no large cuts are made.

Toxicity

When buying holly, you should know that its leaves and fruit are somewhat poisonous. Therefore, care should be taken when handling the plants.

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