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Tamarisk

Tamarisk

If you buy tamarisk you will always enjoy a touch of holiday mood. These trees arouse longing for beaches, where they often thrive on sand dunes. In the garden, you can conjure up this holiday ambience with this lovely plant. They are not as tender as they look, as these plants are very robust: all species are hardy, heat-resistant, resistant to strong winds and salt, and the plants can also withstand flooding. They are grown in gardens because of their pink flowers and the feathery to scale-like filigree leaves, which look like needles. The elegant shoots of these plants grow cascade-like.

The spring, small-flowered type (Tamarix parviflora) is about 2.5 metres high and 2 metres wide. The shrub bears very fine, scale-like leaves and wraps itself with blooms in May and June, like a delicate, pink-red flower cloud. The individual flowers of the parviflora type are up to 5 centimetres long. Spring trees are often visited by bees and other insects. The summer type (Tamarix ramosissima) is also a very robust shrub that is ideal for extreme locations in cities. 'Pink Cascade' is particularly popular; it blooms from July to September and is often visited by bees and other insects. The third popular variety is the four-stamen type (Tamarix tetrandra), which flowers in April and May and forms overhanging, reddish brown shoots and fourfold flowers.

   
 
Four-stamen Tamarisk

Tamarix tetrandra

£14.40 *

Small Flowered Tamarisk

Tamarix parviflora has 5 cm long, pink flower clusters and needle-like foliage

From £14.90 *

Tamarix 'Pink Cascade'

Tamarix ramosissima 'Pink Cascade'

From £19.90 *

   
 
Tamarisk

The Best Location

If you want to buy tamarisk, keep in mind that these beautiful shrubs need a location in full sun. Wind and salt do not bother them and they can easily be used as a hedge along a busy road or in heavily polluted inner cities. There these tough plants are a cheerful display during the flowering season. Tamarix parviflora as well as the summer Tamarisk and Tamarix Tetrandra are all suitable for such exposed locations. These plants are ideal wind protection for coastal gardens and Tamarix parviflora is particularly popular in hedgerows. These shrubs need a well-drained, rather nutrient-rich soil, which can be a bit sandy. They are also very tolerant in terms of the pH value. These plants can thrive on alkaline soils as well as on acidic soils, for example on dry and exposed sites where wild heather plants grow. The only thing these plants do not like is too much water and waterlogging. Otherwise, these plants are among the most robust shrubs ever. They need plenty of space as solitary shrubs in the garden and they should ideally be placed two metres away from other plants in the garden, so that the tamarisk can grow out its cascading shoots. This is especially true for the spring Tamarix parviflora, but it is also better for the other species if they have enough space to develop during the flowering season. Even in mixed flowering hedges, these shrubs look good in full bloom, where they can be beautifully combined, for example, with summer lilac and willow trees.

Buying and Planting Properly

Buying tamarisk is worthwhile for any sunny location and especially for exposed garden locations. When planting one of these plants you must make sure that the shrub has enough space to spread its cascade-like shoots. Two metres distance to walls and other plants is ideal. The planting hole should be twice as big as the root ball. The soil must be loosened well and if it is too hard, it should also be mixed with sand. Then fill the hole with a mixture of soil and sand and water well. It is sometimes recommended to cut back the shrub immediately after planting. This allows it to branch out better. But you can also let it grow in its sparse form and then over the years into its structure.

Pruning Correctly

Tamarisk should be cut regularly in the garden; otherwise, their growth over time becomes sparse and unpleasant. Tamarix parviflora should be rejuvenated after flowering. In each case, several older shoots are cut out of the bush. The shoots, which have faded lush flowers during their blooming season, can also be completely removed. In the case of the spring variety, the flowers always appear on last year's wood. That's why you should not cut them in autumn because otherwise they will not flower in the next spring. When properly pruned, Tamarix parviflora will bloom much more intensely. The summer shrubs (Tamarix ramosissima) are pruned differently. These do not necessarily have to be cut. However, if necessary after flowering in the early autumn, you can make a cut to thin out the shrub, removing some of the old shoots in order to rejuvenate the plant.

Are They Hardy?

Yes, these plants are completely hardy. The genus includes 54 species of shrubs and trees, which are all deciduous and they are native to Southeastern Europe. On the North and Baltic Sea, but also on Greek beaches and especially in Crete and Turkey, you can often see them growing on the sand dunes. They occur wild in many locations in Western Europe and the Mediterranean region as far as East Asia and India. Most of the wild tamarisk trees thrive in dry, salty locations near the sea, as well as on salty soils inland.

Pests and Diseases

Tamarisk is so robust and tough that no pests and diseases are known.

Can They Be Propagated?

Yes, they can be propagated from seeds. However, it’s not that easy. The seeds should be harvested after maturity and then sown in a cold box. It is also possible to cut semi-woody cuttings in the summer and root them. They usually do not form runners and they are not all that easy to root.

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