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Ivy

Efeu, Kletterefeu, Bodendecker EfeuIvy

Ivy, with the botanical name of Hedera, is especially valued as an evergreen, dense covering for the ground and it is also ideal for walls and trees. Ivy is a very versatile wild plant that covers areas very quickly and thoroughly. Ivy as a ground cover is very robust, fast growing and well rooted. With ground covering ivy you can quickly create a dense, original low-growing decoration. Ivy is evergreen – meaning that it keeps its ornamental foliage even in the winter. The ivy creeping along the ground provides a natural or artificial climbing aid and it begins to climb upright as a so-called self-climber, thanks to its own adhesive tendrils.

Ivy Varieties In The Lubera Online Garden Shop

There are many types of ivy, usually the shape or colour of the leaves is different. 'Shamrock' for example grows with frizzy, tapered, cloverleaf-shaped leaves, 'Goldheart' has heart-shaped foliage with a yellow-variegated core and 'Glacier' bears mild green foliage with white edges. But there are also yellow, five-lobed leaves with varieties such as 'Green Ripple' or variegated varieties such as Hedera helix 'Goldchild'.

According to the American Ivy Society, one can distinguish over 400 different types of ivy. All ivy species are plants with tight-fitting leaves, which ensure beautiful and regular, closed growth.

Some of the most popular ivy varieties also include the large-leaved Irish ivy 'Hibernica' and the colourful-leaved Hedera helix 'Glacier'. They are strong growing and completely hardy. All plants offered in the Lubera garden shop are robust and resistant to pollutants. Even dense city traffic does not bother ivy at all.

   
 
Hedera helix 'Glacier' - Ivy

Very productive ivy with green-grey leaves and a white border and grey, central...

£4.90 *

Hedera helix 'Gold Child' - Ivy

Ivy with self-climbing, compact growth and grey-green leaves with yellow variegation on...

£4.90 *

Hedera helix 'Green Ripple' - Ivy

A medium strong growing ivy with dark green, five-lobed leaves

£4.90 *

Hedera helix 'Shamrock' - Ivy

A weak growing ivy with many cloverleaf-shaped leaves (short internodes)

£4.90 *

Hedera hibernica - Ivy

Strong growing ivy, forms high cushions, has light green, matt leaves with lighter veins

Instead of: £12.90 * From £12.40 *

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Ivy, gold heart English ivy

Hedera helix 'Goldheart'

£11.90 *

Ivy, Irish Ivy 'Hibernica' (80 cm)

Hedera helix 'Hibernica' has large leaves

£7.90 *

   
 

Ivy As A Ground Covering Plant

Although ivy is a climbing plant and a root climber, it can be planted very well as groundcover. This works so well because this type of growth form of the ivy is naturally just as inherent as climbing. In the forest it crawls around on the ground until the vine has found a tree to climb up. This tendril then grows up, but all other tendrils continue to grow on the ground.

In parks, in the cemetery or on wild land, ivy plants are very common as groundcover. When planting the ivy for ground plantings, choose a distance of about 25 centimetres between the individual plants. The best planting time is spring or autumn, as the mild temperatures allow good root growth.

Ivy As A Container Plant

Ivy is a happy potted plant that has a very strong structure and it can make a container pretty invisible. Ivy can grow for hundreds of years, so the container should not be too small.  You should choose a planter that harmonises with ivy, for example, not an overly glazed pot. A neutral colour works very well together with the ivy plants. Plastic pots, on the other hand, have their advantages due to their low weight and lower water evaporation. Drainage holes are very important in the bottom of the pot for preventing waterlogging and draining excess water.

Care Tips For Ivy Plants

Ivy is also extremely easy to maintain as a groundcover and it thrives easily in many locations.

Location For Ivy Plants

Ivy is extremely modest in its location. The plants thrive in shady and even almost dark locations; they tolerate wind and moisture. Variegated varieties such as Hedera helix 'Goldchild' or Hedera helix 'Glacier' are grateful for a location where it is slightly lighter or the sun shines for a few hours; here, the colour differences can develop well and the variegated varieties thrive better.

Pruning Ivy

Ivy is very tolerant to pruning; it can be cut in any season. Pruning ivy can be necessary in some cases several times a year. If the ivy does not begin to climb, it can simply be removed once or twice a year from all objects, logs and other climbing aids. The shoots growing on the ground can easily be cut off. This allows the ivy to be kept very easily in its area. Since ivy forms such exceptionally dense foliage, it acts as a weed suppressant when used as groundcover.

Very easy-care plants such as ivy need virtually no special care, so water and fertilisers do not need to be applied. Dry phases cannot affect a firmly rooted ivy.  However, as a container plant, ivy will need water and fertiliser inputs.

Interesting Facts About Ivy

Ivy was already known in the ancient cultures of Europe and also in medieval Europe Hedera helix was a plant with symbolic power. In ancient Egypt, the god of the underworld, Osiris, wore an ivy-infused staff. In Greece, ivy was associated with joyful celebrations and festivals, becoming a symbol of fun and amusement. The god of wine, Dionysus, was adorned with an ivy wreath. For Christians, the ivy is a symbol of eternal life and fidelity. Today’s grave decorations using ivy is based on this Christian understanding.

Ivy contains toxic substances throughout the plant such as hederins and other saponins. These substances are medically effective and so in 2009 the common ivy, the only root climber native to Central Europe, was named the medicinal plant of the year. Medicine from the ivy leaves is used for bronchial diseases, convulsive and irritating cough due to its spasmolytic properties.

Ivy – A Favourite Plant Of The English

Ivy is very popular in the UK and is often used as decoration on porcelain or as a pattern on fabrics and wallpaper. In the wet climate of the islands, ivy keeps rain out of the walls thanks to its dense and strong foliage. In Victorian England, brooches were worn with an ivy-covered fallen tree on which the inscription read, "Nothing can detach me from it." Even today, ivy wreaths are woven in the UK and Christmas decorations are decorated with ivy vines.

Ivy Blossoms And Ivy Fruits – The Adult Form Of The Ivy

In nature, ivy begins to climb trees and grows into the treetops. Once there, usually after more than 10 years, the leaves get much lighter, especially in the winter, when the trees are not leafy. This is the signal for the tendrils to change their growth. The leaves are oval-lanceolate and on the shoot tips newly formed ivy flowers and later fruits develop for the first time. The second peculiarity besides this leaf dimorphism is the flowering time, which starts at the end of August and can last until November, in mild years until the end of December. This is when the small ivy flowers sit together in umbels and open to serve all insects for this rather scarce season. Although the single flowers are inconspicuous, they are so well arranged that they can be seen quite noticeably near the green foliage. They attract all domestic insects with large amounts of nectar and pollen. On warm autumn days, not only bees, bumblebees, marvellous butterflies and ladybirds are attracted by the sweetish smell, but hornets, wasps and flies can also be observed. The fruit ripening is also unusual, as it takes place throughout the entire winter. From February, the darkening berries are a valuable bird food, especially for our native songbirds like the thrushes.

This transformation from youth to adulthood does not take place on the whole plant, but only on the sun-drenched shoots.  From the propagation of cuttings, a new plant can be obtained from these adult shoots. This plant then exclusively bears the adult leaves, grows like a tree or bush and of course continues to bloom.

Only Sunny Parts Of The Plants Start To Bloom – A Special Feature Of Ivy

The age of ivy also depends on the sunlight. Varieties that grow in the shade do not develop an age-related form. The same applies to annual pruning.

Once changed through age, this shoot is usually irreversible in this growth type. Tree-ivy plants planted in the shade will not start climbing again, but they will retain their growth and leaf shape. Only the bloom will not be so abundant and the amount of hanging fruits will be lower.

Ivy – Wonderful Gift Ideas And Wonderful Stories

Florists like to use ivy in arrangements and planters. They not only use the great structure and the beautiful play with different shades of green, but they also rely on the old belief that ivy makes a connection between two people in an "evergreen" friendship. This is due to the characteristics of the ivy plant, which can grow very old and with its clinging roots binds two things very firmly and for a very long time.

Can it be a bit more romantic? Instead of roses, lovers can also give the gift of ivy with heart-shaped leaves. If you then talk about the legend of Tristan and Isolde on this occasion, everyone will surely be warm-hearted. These two lovers had to die for their love, but their feelings were so strong that they held eachother tight as two ivy plants closely entwined them, making them again inseparable.

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