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Blanket flower - Gaillardia

Gaillardia Lubera

The blanket flower or Gaillardia is a cheerful, colourful cottage garden perennial. It grows and blooms quickly.

   
 
   
 

More useful information about Blanket flower - Gaillardia

The richly coloured yellow and red flowers are just as beautiful in mixed perennial beds and borders as they are when used as cut flowers. For bees, bumblebees, butterflies and other insects, the Gaillardia is one of the best flowers. The easy to care for perennial blooms in the first year. It is hardy. The flowers open from June to October. They fit well in both classic and modern designs, whether in a natural garden, in a traditional cottage garden or on a balcony. It is best to plant these flowers together with dahlias and other perennials. This allows you to enjoy magnificent beds and the best bouquets from your own garden!

The Best Varieties of Gaillardia

These plants come from the United States and South America. They belong to a genus with around 30 types of annuals, biennials and perennials. The annuals and the large-flowered perennial types (grandiflora) are particularly interesting for beds and gardens. There are various robust and beautiful varieties for garden beds and balconies. The different varieties of this plant bloom in the colours of yellow, orange and different shades of red. The classic type, such as Gaillardia x grandiflora 'Bremen', has large-flowers with three-colours. Gaillardia x grandiflora 'Bremen' grows up to about 60 centimetres high. Gaillardia aristata 'Ambers Wheels' is just as big with its striking, golden yellow flowers. Gaillardia x grandiflora 'Kobold' remain smaller. 'Kobold' is the smallest and most compact type. It delights with large, red flowers that are outlined in yellow. The 'Burgundy' variety boasts wine-red, very large and showy flowers. This is a special eye-catcher in every perennial bed and cottage garden. It blooms just as well in a pot on the balcony as it does in a bed and garden.

Gaillardia Lubera

Location

The Gaillardia comes from dry areas. That is why it absolutely needs full sun. Under no circumstances should it be too wet. Summer heat and drought are tolerated by these plants very well. This plant thrives in all normal garden soils but prefers those that are calcareous. The soil should be rich in humus and nutrients. The most important thing is good permeability. If necessary, sand and gravel should be mixed in before planting. A drainage layer and permeable substrate must be used in pots. The flowers can also be planted in containers on a sunny balcony or on a terrace. These popular garden flowers can also be combined well with other sun-loving perennials and summer flowers.

Planting and Care

These plants are quite robust. When planting, please make sure that the root ball of the perennial is slightly torn open and loosened. Then the plants should be placed in the planting hole with some compost and watered well. After planting, you hardly need any more water, unless the weather is very dry. In a pot, you have to water these flowers regularly. They don't need much fertiliser. After flowering, you should cut the withered flowers as soon as possible, then the plant will bloom again. In autumn, cutting back blanket flowers is particularly important. In October, this means cutting the perennial completely just above the ground. Before winter, it can be covered with some leaves. In the spring, give your plant some compost and/or slow-release fertiliser. Bringing the flower through the winter is easy because the popular, large-flowered varieties are perennial and hardy. On the balcony, they have to be protected a little in the winter. It is important that large-flowered types are not too wet during the winter.

Propagation

How can this popular plant be propagated? The easiest way to do this is by sowing in the spring. It can be sown directly in the bed in May. It is also possible to sow them in bowls in March. Not all blanket flowers breed true, which means that the young plants may bloom in other colours. Existing perennials can also be divided between April and May. Plants propagated in this way will then flower in the same colours. This is particularly true for the large-flowered hybrids. This is still important for the design of larger perennial beds. With a bit of skill, it is also possible to propagate the plants via root cuttings. These will then all bloom in the desired colours.

Pests and Diseases

Which pests and diseases can occur with this flower? The most common problem when caring for these plants is waterlogging, which can lead to root rot and dead plants. This disease can, in turn, cause other problems caused by fungi. Powdery and downy mildew as well as rust fungi can attack the different varieties if the plants have too little fresh air and are too damp. If such diseases occur, it is important to remove all of the infected parts of the plant. If it is very bad, the plant can be treated with fungicide afterwards. Another problem with the care of Gaillardia varieties can be snails. With direct sowing in beds, the young seedlings are often eaten away. The usual remedies for snails help against this.

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