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Bugbane - Cimicifuga

Cimicifuga

Cimicifuga has upright panicles that dance over the lush foliage and light up the late summer garden.

   
 
Cimicifuga simplex 'Brunette'

Bugbane 'Brunette': a decorative solitary perennial with brown-red foliage and cream...

From £11.40 *

   
 

More useful information about Bugbane - Cimicifuga

Depending on the variety, it is present from June to October and, when planted alone or in groups, ensures strong optical structures. A few years ago, this plant  - previously known as Cimicifuga - was given a new botanical name. It now officially belongs to the genus Actaea. Unofficially, however, you can still read and hear the name Cimicifuga, such as here on our online shop.

The Scent of Cimicifuga

This name is derived from (cimex) - leaf bug and (fugo) - to flee. It refers to the very unusual scent of this plant, which we perceive as fragrant, but according to literature is supposed to drive bugs away. Therefore, it is sometimes known as bugbane. Only in the sense of this very apt term is it a pity that the name officially no longer exists. Here in the Lubera® garden shop, there is a nice selection of different types to buy.

Cimicifuga

Types and Varieties

The wild forms of this plant are originally native to Europe, Asia and America. The flowering period is between June and October, depending on the variety. One of the most popular varieties among gardening enthusiasts is 'Brunette', often called Cimicifuga / Actaea simplex 'Brunette', followed by Cimicifuga ramosa 'Atropurpurea'. 'Chocoholic' is a late bloomer with beautiful, purple foliage. The flower colours range from pure white to cream and light pink.

The Cimicifuga / Actaea racemosa, also known as black cohosh, is also often used in medicine as a medicinal plant to remedy estrogen deficiency. Only the rhizome of the black cohosh is used for processing.

The flowers of these plants are not only very popular with (hobby) gardeners. Bees are also attracted to the inflorescences.

Location and Propagation

What is the ideal location for these plants? These perennials like a humus-rich, nutritious and fresh soil in rather cool, partial shade or shade. There they light up dark parts of the garden with their flowers. Drought and too much sun are not good for them. Even at the ideal location, it takes a while for them to develop to full size. It usually takes a year or two to get used to the new location. If they like it, they will establish themselves as grateful long-term guests with decorative flowers that require little care and they are generally very healthy. If you want to propagate them, you can dig out large plants in the spring, divide them carefully and plant them back into the soil at the desired location.

Combination Plantings

This perennial, which reaches heights of up to 1.80 m, is very impressive and space-saving. Dark and light foliage varieties can be decoratively combined with low shadow-loving leafy perennials such as Hostas or Heuchera in the foreground. The silver, candle-like blooms stand out particularly well against trees with an intense autumn colour. There is also a nice contrast in front of evergreen trees such as yew or boxwood. In perennial beds, they are the ideal backbone in the background of a plant due to their height. Astilbe also goes well with it, but also various grasses such as sedge or the Japanese mountain grass (Haklonechloa). To achieve a beautiful effect, it is advisable to combine at least three of these plants. Since the leaf shoots take place relatively late in the spring, it can also be combined well with early flowering bulb plants such as snowdrops.

A Medicinal Plant

The rhizomes of Cimicifuga are known for their healing ingredients. The plant is also called women's root and is used in naturopathy for women's ailments. The ingredients are considered anti-inflammatory. The Indians are said to have used the essences from the root to heal snake bites. This is where the name "snakeroot", common in the United States, comes from. This is a versatile plant that has a high ornamental value and it enriches every garden. It is an impressive and very long-lasting plant that celebrates its appearance from summer to autumn. It is not only a feast for the eyes during the flowering period, but also inspires with its decorative leaves throughout the entire growing season.

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