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Erigeron - Fleabane

Erigeron in the Lubera garden shop A fleabane enriches sunny places of all kinds from early summer to autumn. Whether in perennial beds, along borders and paths or under trees and bushes: the representatives of the genus Erigeron are easy to care for perennials that form enchanting ray florets with a yellow centre.
   
 
   
 

More useful information about Erigeron - Fleabane

They are particularly effective in groups.

More information about Erigeron - fleabane

With its bushy growth, which can be low or medium in height, Erigeron can be a romantic companion in a cottage or rock garden where it harmonises wonderfully with roses or hydrangeas.

This plant is a proud member of the aster family. While the related autumn aster sets bright accents at the end of the season, the fleabane already shows its fine petals in late spring. It often willingly blooms a second time after it is cut back to the ground. As a cut flower in a vase, it is also a feast for the eyes, provided that already opened flowers are picked. Bees and butterflies love the fleabane - the plants are therefore also a wonderful addition to a near-natural garden.

Table of contents

A perennial for beds, as a ground cover and for decorative pots
Interesting facts
Suitable location
Care of the fleabane
Overwintering in a pot or container

A perennial for beds, as a ground cover and for decorative pots

Low growing varieties cut a good figure in front of flower beds. They are also extremely attractive in planters of all kinds on balconies and terraces. The higher growing types can be combined with other perennials such as coneflower (Rudbeckia), PhloxHeliopsis or various ornamental grasses. The fleabane is relatively tolerant of drought but feels more comfortable in fresh soil.

- Erigeron karvinskianus 'Blütenmeer' is also called Spanish daisy or Mexican fleabane. It is a charming perennial for groups that forms a dense carpet of flowers. If the cold season is mild, the plant proves to be hardy. Otherwise, it is rather short-lived but likes to re-seed itself. The distinctive flowers initially appear white and they turn pink when they blossom. They are very decorative near sunny house entrances, staircases, walls and in window boxes.

- The fleabane 'Azurfee' (Erigeron speciosus) is an upright, bushy perennial that grows to a height of about 60 centimetres and produces beautiful, blue-violet flowers from June onwards. This enchanting plant flowers uninterruptedly until August. The deciduous leaves are dark green and lanceolate. It likes to decorate cottage gardens and natural plantings. The variety has good winter hardiness.

- The numerous fine ray florets of 'Rosa Juwel' give this bushy plant a delicate appearance. The pinkish-red colour forms a beautiful contrast to the bright centre of the flowers. With a growth height of 60 to 70 centimetres, it is ideal for perennial beds, where it proves to be frost hardy even without winter protection.

Interesting facts 

About 400 species belong to the Erigeron genus, of which most are perennials and originate from North America. Because of their similarity and affinity to asters, they are often confused with them. A fleabane's composite flowers are typical of the aster family (Asteraceae).

The hybrids of E. speciosus, in particular, achieve a growth height of about 60 centimetres. The white flowering species and varieties remain smaller and are somewhat reminiscent of bushy daisies. Erigeron karvinskianus is therefore also called Spanish daisy. It originates from Central America, where it grows in rocky places.

The flowers of the fleabane are single or double. In the latter case, the ray florets appear in two rows.

The genus name Erigeron is composed of the Greek words 'eri' (early) or 'erio' (wooly) and 'geron' (old). This is due to the white hairs of the fruits, which appear after flowering. The deciduous, lanceolate foliage is slightly serrated or smooth-edged, depending on the species and variety, and it appears on a short stalk.

Suitable location

All of these plants like a sunny spot with a moderately nutrient-rich, well-drained soil. The soil or potting soil should never dry out completely - but it should not be permanently moist either. Soils with a high clay content should be loosened up with sand. As these plants cannot tolerate winter wetness, they are well kept in raised beds with good water drainage.

Fleabanes tolerate temporary drought quite well, which is why they thrive well on walls or in rock gardens. The ideal planting distance is 30 centimetres.

Care of the fleabane

The best planting time is in the spring, but planting in autumn is also possible. Before planting, some ripe compost can be worked into the soil. In dry periods, watering should be done thoroughly.


The regular pruning of wilted flowers ensures a rich bloom. To prevent higher varieties from falling apart, they can be supported with a perennial ring. For a second flowering in late summer you should cut the Erigeron speciosus hybrids after the first flowers drop down to the ground - this way they will produce a second bloom reliably. As an option, another deep pruning can be carried out before winter.

Only use a minimum amount of fertiliser, as over-fertilisation (especially too much nitrogen) can lead to a lack of flowering.

Since a fleabane can become very woody with age and then the flowering splendour also diminishes, it is recommended to divide it after 2 to 3 years.

Overwintering in a pot or container

If the fleabane is used as a balcony plant, winter protection of the plant pot is advisable. The perennial dies back during the winter and sprouts again in the spring. An insulated pot can be left outside in a protected place. Alternatively, the pots can be overwintered (cool) in a garage or cellar. The potting soil should not dry out completely, even in the cold season.
 

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