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Sanguisorba - great burnet

Sanguisorba Lubera

Sanguisorba, also known as great burnet, is a natural perennial with delicate leaves and flowers. There is a large type (Sanguisorba officinalis) and a small type (salad burnet).

   
 
   
 

More useful information about Sanguisorba - great burnet

The button-like flowers and panicles of the larger variety are mostly dark red, but there are also white and pink varieties of this plant. At the edge of a pond and in a perennial bed, the different types of this plant look best in larger groups. This grateful plant can be ideally combined in natural gardens.

The Best Varieties of Sanguisorba

Sanguisorba officinalis is a native perennial. S. officinalis thrives in many places in Europe and also in Asia. The wild S. officinalis belongs to a genus with around 20 species of rhizome-forming perennial plants. S. officinalis 'Tanna' is particularly popular for the garden. 'Tanna' was bred by the Dutch garden designer Piet Ouldolf.  In addition to 'Tanna' there are various other types and varieties of this plant. These perennials are suitable for use in near-natural perennial beds and prairie gardens. Sanguisorba menziensii delights with its elongated, dark wine red flowers and filigree leaves. The flowers of this plant are particularly beautiful as cut flowers and dried flowers. Sanguisorba tenuifolia forms striking pink, elongated flowers. This is a very delicate perennial garden plant. There is also a pink variety, S. tenuifolia 'Pink Elefant', and a white variety, S. tenuifolia 'Albiflora'. Sanguisorba minor is used as a kitchen herb. This kitchen herb plant is mainly used for the popular Frankfurt green sauce.

Lubera Sanguisorba officinalis

The Best Location

These near-natural plants thrive on moist pond edges in every soil. The plants can also grow in a perennial bed that is not too dry or in a prairie garden close to nature in any soil where their leaves and flowers will soon unfold. This plant likes a rather cool location. Full sun to partial shade is suitable for these perennial plants with their delicate leaves and flowers. The small kitchen herb type grows best in a partially shaded spot in the herb garden. In herb spirals and kitchen gardens, the herb variety should be planted in a shady, moist area. This perennial needs a little less moist soil. If it is too wet, the delicate leaves of the kitchen herb can rot.

Planting and Care

In a perennial bed or at the edge of a pond, these plants work best in loose groups. Over time, they form quite large clumps. In the beginning, about half a dozen plants should be planted so that the planting looks good. Ideally, they should be combined with grasses and other natural perennials. For each of the perennials, you have to dig a planting hole, loosen the soil a little and enrich it with compost. Then tear open the root balls and spread the roots in a fan-like manner in the planting hole. Top up with soil and compost and water thoroughly. Water regularly during the first period and also make sure later that the plant continues to get enough water. Pruning takes place either in autumn or when the inflorescences are used as dried flowers. You can also leave the inflorescences in the winter, as they look pretty with hoarfrost and snow. Then they should be cut back in the spring, you can also give the perennials a little compost.

Propagation

Sanguisorba is known for self-sowing if it likes the location. This plant can also be sown in bowls. The soil must be quite damp. The simplest propagation is dividing the clumps in the garden. The root balls can be dug out of the ground in autumn or in the spring. They are cut into four parts with a sharp spade or a knife. Re-plant each part of the plant individually, add compost, water well and keep moist.

Pests and Diseases

This near-natural perennial is very robust and is hardly affected by pests and diseases. The small herb type is sometimes affected by aphids and downy mildew. You can simply wash away the aphids with the garden hose. The problem with downy mildew is usually too much moisture and too little fresh air. If the problem keeps popping up, the plant needs to be transplanted to a windier, fresh place. Downy mildew can also be treated with fungicide if necessary.

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