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Artemisia

Artemisia

Whether as a scented herb, culinary herb, medicinal plant or leafy perennial, in the Artemisia genus you will find a large number of attractive species and varieties that can be used in many ways. The perennials and semi-shrubs are also known under the names mugwort, wormwood and absinth. The tarragon, a popular herb, can also be found in this group. All Artemisia plants cut a good figure in pots or other containers as well as in the garden and impress with their decorative, fragrant foliage, which is often silver-grey and feathered and can be added to plantings of all kinds.

The unique ornamental effect of the wormwood plants comes into its own in cool planting concepts with silver and blue tones or in pink and purple-coloured bed plantings. These plants also underline the effect of colour-intensive perennials and shrubs - for example, they can be effectively integrated into a rose or peony planting.

Ornamental Ground Cover and Structure Plants

Artemisia representatives show different forms of growth. The low growing varieties fit perfectly in sunny, barren and dry locations in rock gardens, on walls and roofs or in alpine gardens. There, together with ornamental grasses, thyme and other creeping perennials, they provide a varied picture. The higher growing varieties are great structure plants in beds and are also used as companion plants for roses and shrubs. They set beautiful accents in near-natural gravel beds or Mediterranean plantings, where you can also plant them as a scented hedge.

Here are a few various recommendations from our Lubera® range:

The easy to care for dwarf schmidt wormwood 'Nana' (also called Kuril mugwort) has a creeping, cushion-like habit and fine, blue-silvery leaves that feel silky and soft due to their hair felt; it exudes a spicy aroma.

The silver wormwood 'Mori' reaches a height of 30 centimetres and inspires with its filigree foliage that forms a fine. white felt carpet over time. It fits wonderfully in rock steppes or in open spaces with dry soil.

The medium-high perennial wormwood 'Silver Queen' (silver mugwort) embellishes any planting with its lanceolate, silvery white leaves. It is particularly effective in groups and spreads over time as a ground cover without being annoying. In the winter, the perennial mostly dies back, but sometimes it retains some of its leaves. 'Silver Queen' needs a nutrient-poor soil in order to remain stable.

The high-growing, white-flowering mugwort 'Guizhou' scores not only with its decorative, dark green foliage but also with its cream white flower panicles, which form a beautiful contrast to the mahogany-coloured stems. With a height of over one metre, it is a fantastic structure plant and it is also suitable for vases.

French tarragon is a famous culinary herb that is often used to refine meat, egg dishes, cheese, sauces and fish. Tarragon exudes a pleasant fragrance and the taste is reminiscent of liquorice. It can be grown well in a large pot; in a solitary position in the garden, it develops into an impressive bush that can reach a height of 60 to 150 centimetres.

A variety which is known as the cola shrub has a special cola-like aroma in addition to its charming, finely feathered leaves. In fact, you can use the young shoot tips to prepare a tasty drink that also strengthens the stomach. The fragrant shrub grows to a height of about one metre. It is also very suitable as a container plant.

   
 
   
 

Interesting Facts About Mugwort, Wormwood Plants & Other Artemisia

Artemisia is a plant genus belonging to the daisy family (Asteraceae). The genus includes 200 to 400 species, which can be found especially in temperate areas. Some species that are used in the garden (such as Artemisia abrotanum, southernwood, and Artemisia dracunculus, tarragon) are also native to Europe. Herbaceous plants and semi-shrubs are found under the genus Artemisia. Artemisia species contain various essential oils and bitter substances, which make the plant a valuable medicinal herb. Most of our representatives are hardy.

Location and soil

Many wormwood plants (especially those with silvery foliage) come from rather dry, warm areas. They, therefore, like a sunny spot in the garden in well-drained soil, which also offers protection against waterlogging in the winter. Sandy soils and rather poor, ordinary garden soil are ideal; the soil can be neutral to slightly basic.

Green species, on the other hand, such as tarragon, like to thrive in fresher and more nutrient-rich locations. The latter would like a sheltered site in the sun or partial shade. It also thrives as a container plant in a humus-rich substrate. The tarragon species needs plenty of water during a long, dry season.

Overwintering in a Container

An Artemisia plant should generally be protected against frost in containers. To prevent the leaves from freezing in rough locations, you should protect the plant from cold with brushwood; the planter should also be well-packed with an insulating material. A sheltered place is also important in the winter.

Tarragon needs at least six weeks of rest in the winter at low temperatures. Overwintering in a warm room is therefore not advisable.

Cutting

If the woody types becomes too bare in the lower area, they can be cut back vigorously in the spring. In this way, the plants remain vital and elegant for a long time. Tarragon gets bare from below with time and its long stems can be cut off close to the ground. In the spring, it willingly shoots out of the rhizome.

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