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June Bearing Strawberries

What are June bearing strawberries?

Einmaltragende ErdbeerenJune bearing strawberries are ripe when the spring is slowly, but surely, moving into the summer at the end of May. This is the time in which you can enjoy the seasonal strawberries from your own garden, and it reminds us of the rapid development of spring.  Yet, in the aroma and the sheer sweetness of these great tasty fruits, the whole power of the summer sun is found! These ' real ' strawberries, which are not flown in from somewhere else, are the epitome of seasonality: so good and so original and so sweet and so... strawberries are only available to harvest at the end of May until the end of June, perhaps even with some left over in July.  These original garden strawberries, the June bearing strawberry plants, with a concentrated yield in the transition from spring to summer, can easily be cultivated yourself in the garden or in a strawberry bed if you use the varieties of June bearing strawberries from our Lubera website.

The June bearing strawberry varieties are actually classic garden strawberries. When you think of garden strawberries and their culture in the garden, you first think of these varieties, which bear fruit in May and June. While our sense and knowledge of the seasonality of our crops is unfortunately dwindling, the strawberry time between spring and summer is stable in our collective memory. Who does not want to harvest strawberries from their own garden when the actual strawberry season takes place?

   
 
Bundle with 36 Strawberries Malwina®

For a flower bed; planting distance: 25 cm

Instead of: £46.90 * £39.90 *

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Strawberry 'Snow White' - 6-Pack

June-bearing, white-fruited, pineapple-like strawberry with an exotic flavour

From £9.40 *

Strawberry Frutium® Belleure® 6-Pack

The fruitier, early strawberry

From £9.40 *

Strawberry Frutium® Bonneure® 6-Pack

The fruity, medium late garden strawberry

From £9.40 *

Strawberry Malwina® 6-Pack

The latest June-bearing variety with very aromatic fruit

From £7.90 *

Strawberry Parfum June-bearing Strawberry Meadow® 6-Pack

Hearty, good strawberries with groundcover qualities

From £9.40 *

Strawberry Parfum SchweizerDuft® 6-Pack

Early maturing and extremely aromatic

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Strawberry Parfum SchweizerHerz® 6-Pack

Red on the outside, white in the inside - very tasty!

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Strawberry Wädenswil 6 6-Pack

Popular June-bearing strawberry with tasty fruits

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The right June bearing strawberry for every application and taste

If you have the choice, you have the agony. This saying could have been invented by a strawberry lover who has to choose the right variety for his garden. Although the first decision has already been made: If you are in this category, you have chosen the June bearing strawberries (with yield in May and June), and not the everbearing strawberries that bear fruit for the whole summer. But how will you continue with the selection of the right strawberry varieties for your needs? At Lubera, over the past 15 years, we have developed two different lines of June bearing strawberry varieties: the Frutium strawberries simply represent the best modern strawberry varieties have to offer for gardening: size, aroma, firmness and fruitiness. This is perhaps the special feature of this Frutium strawberry line: that here too for juiciness and sweetness also a nice acid is added, which is then responsible for the fruitiness. As a very early variety, Frutium Belleure stands out, medium-sized Frutium Bonneure and very late the red-coloured Malwina, bred by our friend Peter Stoppel. The other breeding line, based on crossbreeds of Dr. Martin Weber, combine the best of the world of the old varieties (charisma, aroma, individuality, fragrance) with modern strawberry requirements such as strength, shape and size. Here, Schweizerherz is certainly one of the favourites, bringing great yields on the same level as the leaves to maturity and, therefore, very easy to pick. It also stands out due to its compact growth. Her sister Parfum Schweizerduft (Swiss fragrance) complements the Swiss line with a slightly earlier maturity. Parfum Swiss Fragrance is somewhat less crisp and firm than Schweizerherz, but has more perfume in the finish.

The best time for planting

Strawberries can be planted all year round, as they are always sold and bought with pot bales. Especially in late autumn and spring plantings one should take care of the purchase of June bearing strawberry plants and make sure that they are offered in a pot as large as possible, as they have a good chance to differentiate even in the pot (in the nursery) blooms for the first yield in May , Nevertheless, the planting time remains at the end of July to August the ideal entry into the culture of the June bearing garden strawberries: They can immediately establish themselves in the warm summer soil, send off their fresh roots and begin immediately developing blooms internally in the shorter days of late summer and autumn.

Tips for the planting a June bearing garden strawberry

The cultivation of strawberries is not particularly difficult, especially if the robust varieties of Lubera are cultivated. Nevertheless, the success is even easier if the following essential tips are taken into consideration:

1. Select a light well drained soil, make your soil with sand, compost or Lubera Fertile Soil No 2 easier - preferably before planting.

2. Strawberries prefer sun to semi-shade and rather an airy location than a very sheltered one.

3. Plant strawberries always in fresh soil where there has not been other strawberries for at least 4-5 years.

4. Do not plant too deep and just so high that a part of the heart, the vegetation centre, from which the organs of the strawberry, the flowers, leaves and branches develop, is still visible.

5. Start fertilising them only about two to three weeks after planting, when the young plant is already established.

6. Remove the runners during the first summer, but also during the yield phase in May and June, so that the plant can concentrate on its actual task of flowering and fruiting.

7. If you decide after the yield phase to have your strawberry grow for another year and produce fruit, it is worthwhile to mulch the plant, remove all the leaves and thus promote the new systematic development of the plant. Of course you should also chop the strawberry bed (promotes the mineralization), the best is still have some compost worked in and also a fertiliser for the rest of the season (30-50 gr long-term fertilizer per m2).

8. If it is moist and wet during flowering and harvesting, there is a great risk of botrytis in the fruit. It is one of the simplest and most effective measures to deal with this, if during the harvest period, all Botrytis-infected fruits are systematically removed and disposed of separately (do not lie on the bed).

Delaying the harvest of strawberries

It is one of the natural needs and joys of a strawberry lover to prolong, to premature and to delay the harvest of the strawberries. That just makes it fun. Now it could be argued that there are indeed everbearing strawberries, the lingering strawberries. But with these, no large harvest is possible, but with the June bearing varieties a big quantity is possible in a short time, which can be an advantage (for example, for freezing, jam, compote, strawberry juice, strawberry wine). For this reason it is also worthwhile to force and to delay, because you can push the concentrated harvest 2 weeks forward or 2 weeks backwards - as required. Making the harvest earlier is easily accomplished by placing a cellulose fleece over the developing strawberry bushes. However, it is also worthwhile in the flowering period to remove this fleece again in order to allow pollination by insects.

Also, even an even earlier harvest can be achieved with a plastic stretched over a spring steel rod, ie a mini tunnel. Late harvest comes in shady places, in high altitudes, or when the winter plant is covered with straw in January, thus causing a later sprouting.

 

The annual cycle of June bearing strawberry varieties and strawberry plants

June bearing strawberry varieties quickly slide their inflorescences out of the plant's hiding place after the start of the vegetation in spring, bloom and then come to fruition in May and June. After this generative phase, they produce more runners, which can either be used for the propagation of the varieties or totally removed to ensure the development of additional flowers for the next season. The flower formation (for the next year) begins in the shorter days and continues until the autumn. At this time of the year we cannot see the flowers, they are just developing in the heart of the plant. We see again and again that even relatively late-growing young plants are still internally developing flowers in September and October. This is also important for gardening: so you can plant strawberry varieties in the summer until late September or even October, and there is a good fruit yield the following year. –

In this original type of strawberry, in the June bearing varieties , the flower stems are not immediately shown and developed, but only in the interior of the centre of the plant, where they are carefully and cautiously hidden in the cold winter and wait for the spring to restart. Stimulated by a certain amount of refrigerant, which you absolutely need to wake them up and by the rising spring temperatures, then the whole cycle begins with the development of inflorescences anew.

Can the June bearing garden strawberries only bear fruit once?

We hear this question quite often: do these garden strawberries fruit only once, is all the glory already after a year done and dusted? This question is, of course, based on a misunderstanding: that the garden strawberry can only bear fruit once in its plant life, while in fact and in truth it may fruit for many years in a row. But the June bearing strawberry plants fruit only once in a year, in May and June, not constant like the everbearing strawberries. In short: The June bearing strawberry only fruits once a year, but is a perennial!

Is the garden strawberry indigenous?

The fact that the modern discussion about indigenous and non-indigenous plants is misguided reveals this case very clearly: the garden strawberry is by no means indigenous, it is the random ' fruit ' of two immigrant strawberries, the American Scarlet Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana) and the Chilean Strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis). And yet, and rightly, we have adopted this wonderful fruit with us, we have brought it close to our hearts and we do not want to miss it anymore. It belongs to us, even if it is botanically not indigenous;-)

The native garden Strawberry Fragaria Vesca

So that we can understand rightly: there are, of course, native European strawberries, the Forest or Alpine strawberries (Fragaria Vesca) with their unique perfume and aroma, and the everbearing Alpine Strawberry, which has been cultivated with us since the Roman times and also grown. The latter is available in all shops to buy, and the former we have in elaborate breeding work with the 'foreign' garden strawberries crossed, and thus producing completely new gourmet types such as e.g. Parfum ‘Eternal Love ( Ewigi Liebi).  Of course, we all know why these two native species of strawberry, the Fragaria vesca and the Fragaria vesca semperflorens had little to do with the development of the modern garden strawberry: they simply had fruit that was too small, and in a time in the 19th century, when the lack of food (and not the abundance we have to eat today) was a primary problem of the European population, larger fruiting strawberries were always preferred. Only we modern humans and gardeners can afford the luxury, also the undoubtedly present advantages of the European strawberries (smell, taste) again in the garden strawberry, such as Lubera have bred with the Parfum Strawberries range.

The pre-history of the June bearing garden strawberry varieties

But back to the overseas origin of our garden strawberry: the scarlet strawberry, with its scarlet fruits, was used by the early colonists in North America, e.g. along the St. Lorenz river and quickly appreciated. The fruits of the American scarlet, the Fragaria viginiana, as they are called botanically, were certainly much greater than the fruits of the Alpine strawberries and they also matured much earlier. Thus, they quickly became popular garden fruits in Europe. Up to the 19th century, up to 70 varieties were known from the American Scarlet strawberries. In any case, the scarlet strawberry was a nice advance against the Alpine strawberries, which can be enjoyed only in homeopathic doses. But the history of the garden strawberry has not yet come to an end with North American imports. A certain Amédée Francois Frezier honored his name (fraisier) and imported two or five plants of the Chilean strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis) to Europe after the beginning of the 18th century. He had actually been on the road as a war correspondent in South America and, on behalf of Louis XIV, had spied on the defences of the Spanish port cities from Chile to Peru. But obviously, he could pursue his passion, botany. The Chilean strawberries caused a sensation in Europe, but they look quite different from the Fragaria virginiana. They had leathery, dark green to almost blue leaves, densely hairy fruit stalks, and above all, the fruits were sensationally large much greater than the American scarlet. One might perhaps go so far as to describe the history of the garden strawberry as a continuous development towards more greatness ...

The discovery of the modern garden strawberry

But with new species, there are also new disadvantages: with the Chilean strawberry, the whitish to pale pink colour and also the winter hardness left much to be desired. The main problem of the sensationally large Chilean strawberry was the pollinisation: it develops two sex plants, that is, the one plant forms female flowers and the other pure male. And when the right ones do not come together, there is no pollinisation and therefore no fruit formation. Well, then the fruit size is no longer useful ;-)

Breton farmers found a clever agronomic solution for this problem as early as 1740. They cultivated the Virginian strawberry and the Chilean strawberry alternately in rows so that they could fertilize each other and supplied the big cities, especially Paris and London with the popular huge strawberry fruits. It was however the Dutch, who produced the first natural hybrids between the two botanical species Fragaria x ananassa was born, as a child of two imported foreign American strawberry varieties.

The breeding of new strawberries using old strawberry varieties at Lubera

To this day, it is always worthwhile to go back to the past of the garden strawberries and to breed very old garden strawberries, the first true ananassa-strawberries again can be joined with modern garden strawberries, for their charm and their aroma, their size and fruitiness and renewed sugar content. This is exactly what we have done in the breeding of the Parfum strawberries and you too can also profit from this renewal from the past, when you buy from our website the garden strawberries Schweizerherz and Schweizerduft, which are both back crosses with ancient French and German varieties.

The overwhelming case for June bearing strawberries

June bearing Strawberries are not only very robust in the winter, they need the cold (a certain amount of cold) to start again after the winter in spring and to push out the short-day induced flowers and develop them further. In the culture of these strawberries, winter damage is very rare.

June bearing strawberries for the garden or for the pot?

Due to their concentrated harvest, these strawberry varieties are more suitable for the garden than for the pot. Of course, they also form healthy green leaves and Swiss heart in addition a very individual and compact plant form, but they lack the ongoing beauty of the flowers and the developing red fruits everbearing strawberries have.  In the end, the everbearing varieties have a bit more to offer concerning ornamental traits.  But we recommend all strawberry lovers to grow June bearing varieties for that summer wonderful summer flavour and also everbearing varieties for a constant harvest for your daily muesli!

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