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June-bearing strawberries

June-bearing strawberry plant Malvina Lubera

June-bearing strawberry plants are best bought from Lubera because our strawberry plants can be grown in your garden or in a strawberry bed.

   
 
Bundle with 36 Strawberries Malwina®

For a flower bed; planting distance: 25 cm

Instead of: £46.90 * £39.90 *

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Fruitful Soil No. 2 | Planting Soil

For garden & soil improvement

From £18.90 *

Frutilizer® Seasonal Fertiliser Plus

The slow release fertiliser with trace elements for permanent crops & potted plants

From £12.90 *

Strawberry 'Snow White' - 6-Pack

June-bearing, white-fruited, pineapple-like strawberry with an exotic flavour

From £10.40 *

Strawberry Frutium® Belleure® 6-Pack

The fruitier, early strawberry

From £9.40 *

Strawberry Frutium® Bonneure® 6-Pack

The fruity, medium late garden strawberry

From £9.40 *

Strawberry Malwina® 6-Pack

The latest June-bearing variety with very aromatic fruit

From £8.90 *

Strawberry Parfum June-bearing Strawberry Meadow® 6-Pack

Hearty, good strawberries with groundcover qualities

From £10.40 *

Strawberry Parfum SchweizerDuft® 6-Pack

Early maturing and extremely aromatic

From £10.40 *

Strawberry Parfum SchweizerHerz® 6-Pack

Red on the outside, white in the inside - very tasty!

From £9.40 *

Strawberry Wädenswil 6 6-Pack

Popular June-bearing strawberry with tasty fruits

From £8.90 *

   
 
June-bearing strawberry plant SchweizerLand Lubera

More information about June-bearing strawberry plants

 

The strawberry season, the time when you can enjoy seasonal strawberries from your own garden or from the farmer's self-picking field, is reminiscent of the rapid development of spring (the strawberry plants were just awakening from hibernation?) and yet, in the aroma and sheer sweetness of the large, delicious fruit, it already carries the full force of the summer sun. June-bearing strawberry plants are ripe exactly when spring slowly but surely passes into summer from the end of May until the longest day. These 'real' strawberries, which are not transported or flown in from anywhere, are the epitome of seasonality: strawberries are only as good, as original and as sweet from the end of May to the end of June, perhaps with runners into July. If you buy and plant June-bearing strawberry plants from Lubera, you can be sure that you will be spoiled with aromatic fruits.

 

 

The classic garden strawberry par excellence

 

The June-bearing strawberry varieties are actually classic garden strawberries. When you think of garden strawberries and how they are grown in gardens, you first think of these varieties, which bear fruit in May and June. While our sense and knowledge of the seasonality of our crops is unfortunately dwindling, the strawberry time between spring and summer is stable in our collective memory. Who does not want to harvest strawberries from their own garden when the actual strawberry season takes place?

 

For the garden or for the pot?

 

Because of their concentrated harvest, June-bearing strawberry plants are more suitable for the garden than for the pot. Of course, they have healthy, green leaves and 'SchweizerHerz' even has a very distinctive and compact plant shape, but they lack the beauty of the flowers and developing red fruits throughout the year. In the end, in terms of ornamental value, the long-lasting varieties have a little more to offer (i.e. permanently new flowers and ripening fruits), but as is well known, you can't have everything. However, it is highly recommended that every strawberry lover should use June-bearing strawberry plants to satisfy the seasonal feeling, the actual strawberry lust in June and May, and then grow strawberries all year round to supply the daily breakfast cereal. These long-lasting strawberries can then also be grown comfortably in pots, containers or balcony boxes.

 

The right June-bearing strawberry plants for every purpose and for every taste

 

If you have the choice, you have the agony. This saying could have been invented by a strawberry lover who has to choose the right variety for his/her garden. Although the first decision has already been made: if you are in this category, you have chosen the June-bearing strawberry plants (with yield in May and June), and not the everbearing strawberries that produce fruit throughout the summer. But what is the next step in choosing the right and best June-bearing strawberry plants for your needs?

 

At Lubera we have developed two different lines of June-bearing strawberry plant varieties over the last 15 years:

 

The ‘Frutium Strawberries’ are simply the best that modern strawberry varieties have to offer for the garden: size, aroma, firmness and a fruitiness that is second to none. This is perhaps the special feature of this Frutium strawberry line: that a beautiful acidity is added to the juiciness and sweetness, which is then partly responsible for the fruitiness. Frutium 'Belleure' stands out as a very early variety, Frutium 'Bonneure' as a medium-late variety and, very late in the season, the red-coloured 'Malwina', which was bred by our friend Peter Stoppel.

The other breeding line, based on crosses by Dr. Martin Weber, combines the best from the world of old varieties (charisma, aroma, individuality, fragrance) with modern strawberry requirements such as firmness, shape and size. ‘Schweizerherz' is certainly the favourite variety here, with its high yields at the same level as the leaves and is therefore easy to pick. It also stands out for its compact growth. Her sister variety 'Schweizerduft' completes the Swiss line with a slightly earlier ripening period. Although 'Schweizerduft' is a little less crisp and firm than 'Schweizerherz', it has more perfume in the aftertaste. Finally, 'Schweizerland' is a sister of 'Schweizerherz', but has many more offshoots and is therefore suitable as a single-use and very quickly covering groundcover strawberry. 

 

The annual cycle of June-bearing strawberry plant varieties and strawberry plants

 

June-bearing strawberry varieties quickly slide their inflorescences out of the plant's hiding place after the start of the vegetation in the spring; they bloom and then bear fruit in May and June. After this generative phase, they produce more runners, which can either be used for the propagation of the varieties or totally removed to ensure the development of additional flowers for the next season. The flower formation (for the next year) begins in the shorter days and continues until autumn. At this time of the year we cannot see the flowers, they are just developing in the heart of the plant. We see again and again that even relatively late-growing young plants are still internally developing flowers in September and October. This is also important for gardening: so you can plant strawberry varieties in the summer until late September or even October, and there is a good fruit yield the following year.

In this original type of strawberry, in the June-bearing varieties, the flower stems are not immediately shown and developed, but only in the interior of the centre of the plant, where they are carefully and cautiously hidden in the cold winter where they wait for the spring to restart. Stimulated by a certain amount of cold, which they need to wake up, and by the rising spring temperatures, the whole cycle begins anew with the development of the inflorescences.

 

Do June-bearing strawberry plants only bear fruit once?

 

We hear this question quite often: do these garden strawberries fruit only once? Is all the glory over and done with after just one year? This question is, of course, based on a misunderstanding: that the garden strawberry can only bear fruit once in its plant life, while in fact and in truth it may fruit for many years in a row. But the June-bearing strawberry plants fruit only once in a year, in May and June, not constantly like the everbearing strawberries. In short: the June-bearing strawberry only fruits once a year, but it is a perennial!

 

The best time for planting

 

Buying and planting June-bearing strawberry plants is possible all year round, as they are always sold and bought in pots. Especially in late autumn and spring planting, however, when buying June-bearing strawberry plants, you should make sure that they are offered in as large a pot as possible, as this gives them a good chance of differentiating flowers for the first yield in May, even during propagation. Nevertheless, planting in late July to August remains the ideal time to start cultivating single-bearing garden strawberries: They can establish themselves immediately in the warm summer soil; they send out their fresh roots and immediately start to differentiate flowers for the next spring and summer yield in the now shorter and shorter day.

 

How many years can these strawberries bear fruit?

 

We have already resolved the old misunderstanding above: June-bearing strawberry plants are perennial and can produce good fruit for many years. The only difference is that they can only produce one bunch of fruit a year, in May and June. In contrast to commercial cultivation and commercial breeding, which ultimately sees the strawberry only as an annual plant, we have selected all our varieties in such a way that they have their yield and quality peak in the second year and only drop off slightly in the third year. After that, however, we recommend to propagate the strawberries again and to create a new bed or to buy fresh strawberry plants - best of all, of course, here in our shop.

 

Tips for planting a June-bearing strawberry plant

 

The cultivation of June-bearing strawberry plants is not particularly difficult, especially when growing the robust varieties from Lubera. However, success is even more guaranteed if you follow these essential strawberry tips:

 

Light, well-draining soil

 

Choose a light, well-drained garden soil or make your soil lighter with sand, compost or Fruitful Soil No. 2. Always plant June- bearing strawberry plants in fresh soil where there have been no strawberries for the last 4-5 years.

 

Sunny to semi-shady location

 

Strawberries prefer sun to semi-shade and prefer an airy location rather than a very sheltered site.

 

Do not plant too deep

 

Do not plant too deep and just high enough so that part of the heart, the vegetation centre from which the organs of the strawberry, the flowers, leaves and runners develop, is just visible.

 

Fertilising at the right time

 

Do not fertilise until about two to three weeks after planting, when the young plant is already established.

 

Remove runners

 

Remove all runners in the first summer, but also during the yield phase in May and June, so that the plant can concentrate on its actual task, namely forming flowers and fruits.

 

Mulching strawberries

 

If, after the harvesting phase, you decide to let your strawberry work and produce fruit for another year, it is worth mulching the plant, removing all leaves and thus promoting the new systematic flowering and plant development. Of course, the strawberry bed should then also be hoe-ed through (promotes mineralisation), it is best to add some compost and a fertiliser application for the rest of the season (30-50 g of slow-release fertiliser per m²) is also included.

 

Remove rotten fruit

 

If it is damp and wet during the flowering and harvesting periods, there is a great danger of Botrytis for the fruit. One of the simplest and most effective measures to promote fruit health is to systematically remove all Botrytis-infected fruit during the harvesting season and dispose of it separately (do not leave it on the bed).

 

Early and late

 

It is one of the natural needs and joys of a strawberry lover to prolong, to premature and to delay the harvest of the strawberries. That just makes it fun. Now it could be argued that there are indeed everbearing strawberries. But with these, no large harvest is possible, but with the June-bearing varieties a big quantity is possible in a short time, which can be an advantage (for example, for freezing or making jam, compote, strawberry juice, strawberry wine). For this reason it is also worthwhile to force and to delay because you can push the concentrated harvest two weeks forward or two weeks backwards - as required. Making the harvest earlier is easily accomplished by placing a cellulose fleece over the developing strawberry bushes. However, it is also worthwhile in the flowering period to remove this fleece again in order to allow pollination by insects.

Also, even an even earlier harvest can be achieved with a plastic stretched over a spring steel rod, i.e. a mini tunnel. Late harvest comes in shady places, in high altitudes, or when the winter plant is covered with straw in January, thus causing later sprouting.

 

Overwintering

 

June-bearing strawberry plants are not only very robust in the winter, but they also need the cold (a certain amount of cold) to start again in the spring after winter and to push out and develop the short-day induced flowers. Thus, winter damage is very rarely observed iwhen growing June-bearing strawberries.

 

Is the garden strawberry native?

 

The fact that the modern discussion about native and non-native plants is misguided reveals this case very clearly: the garden strawberry is by no means native; it is the random fruit of two immigrant strawberries, the Virginia strawberry (Fragaria virginiana) and the Chilean strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis). And yet, and rightly, we have adopted this wonderful fruit; we have brought it close to our hearts and we do not want to miss it anymore. It belongs to us, even if it is botanically not native.

 

The native garden strawberry Fragaria vesca

 

So that we can understand rightly: there are, of course, native European strawberries, the forest or alpine strawberries (Fragaria vesca) with their unique perfume and aroma, and the everbearing alpine strawberry, which has been cultivated and grown in our region since the Roman times. The latter is available in all shops to buy, and the former we have crossed in elaborate breeding work with the 'foreign' garden strawberries, and thus producing completely new gourmet types such as e.g. Parfum ‘Eternal Love (Ewigi Liebi).  Of course, we all know why these two native species of strawberry, the Fragaria vesca and the Fragaria vesca semperflorens had little to do with the development of the modern garden strawberry: they simply had fruit that was too small, and in a time in the 19th century, when the lack of food (and not the abundance we have to eat today) was a primary problem of the European population, larger fruiting strawberries were always preferred. Only we modern humans and gardeners can afford the luxury, also the undoubtedly present advantages of the European strawberries (smell, taste) again in the garden strawberry, such as what Lubera has done with the Parfum strawberry range.

 

The history of June-bearing garden strawberry varieties

 

But back to the overseas origin of our garden strawberry: the Virginia strawberry or mountain strawberry, with its scarlet fruits, was used by the early colonists in North America, e.g. along the Saint Lawrence River and quickly appreciated. The fruits of the Virginia strawberry or Fragaria virginiana, as it is called botanically, were certainly much greater than the fruits of the alpine strawberries and they also matured much earlier. Thus, they quickly became popular garden fruits in Europe. Up to the 19th century, up to 70 varieties were known from the Virginia strawberries. In any case, these strawberries were a nice advance against the alpine strawberries, which can be enjoyed only in homeopathic doses. But the history of the garden strawberry has not yet come to an end with North American imports. A certain Amédée Francois Frezier honored his name (fraisier) and imported two or five plants of the Chilean strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis) to Europe after the beginning of the 18th century. He had actually been on the road as a war correspondent in South America and, on behalf of Louis XIV, had spied on the defences of the Spanish port cities from Chile to Peru. But obviously, he could pursue his passion, botany. The Chilean strawberries caused a sensation in Europe, but they looked quite different from Fragaria virginiana. They had leathery, dark green to almost blue leaves, densely hairy fruit stalks, and above all, the fruits were sensationally large; much larger than the Virginia strawberry. One might perhaps go so far as to describe the history of the garden strawberry as a continuous development towards more greatness...

 

The discovery of the modern garden strawberry

 

But with new species, there are also new disadvantages: with the Chilean strawberry, the whitish to pale pink colour and also the winter hardiness left much to be desired. The main problem of the sensationally large Chilean strawberry was the pollinisation: it develops two sex plants, that is, the one plant forms female flowers and the other pure male flowers. And when the right ones do not come together, there is no pollinisation and therefore no fruit formation. Well, then the fruit size is no longer useful. ;-)

Breton farmers found a clever agronomic solution for this problem as early as 1740. They cultivated the Virginian strawberry and the Chilean strawberry alternately in rows so that they could pollinate each other and supplied the big cities, especially Paris and London with the popular, huge strawberry fruits. It was however the Dutch who produced the first natural hybrids between the two botanical species; Fragaria x ananassa was born, as a child of two imported foreign Virginia strawberry varieties.

 

The breeding of new strawberries using old strawberry varieties at Lubera

 

To this day, it is always worthwhile to go back to the past of the garden strawberries and to breed very old garden strawberries, the first true pineapple strawberries again can be joined with modern garden strawberries, for their charm and their aroma, their size and fruitiness and renewed sugar content. This is exactly what we have done when breeding the Parfum strawberries and you too can also profit from this renewal from the past when you buy the garden strawberries Schweizerherz and Schweizerduft from our website, which are both back crosses with ancient French and German varieties.

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